Al Janoub Stadium / Zaha Hadid Architects


Al Janoub Stadium / Zaha Hadid Architects

© Hufton + Raven© Hufton + Raven© Hufton + Raven© Hufton + Raven+ 49



  • Year Year of completion of this architecture project

    Year:


    2019


  • Photographs Photographs: Luke Hayes

  • Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project

  • Architect and design manager:

    Zaha Hadid Architects

© Hufton + Raven
© Hufton + Raven

Text description provided by the architects. The client’s file was for a 40,000-seat football stadium for the 2022 World Cup, which could be reduced to 20,000 seats in its legacy mode after the tournament. 20,000 seats is the optimum capacity for legacy use as the home ground for the professional football team Al Wakrah Sport Club of the Qatar Stars national league. These temporary seats were designed to be removable and transportable to a developing country in need of sports infrastructure for use after the tournament. Other temporary accommodation such as concessions are required for the additional capacity of the FIFA World Cup tournament mode. This was built as a temporary overlay outside the permanent footprint and the stadium grounds in its legacy fashion.

© Hufton + Raven
© Hufton + Raven
© Hufton + Raven
© Hufton + Raven

The stadium has a sunroof designed by Schlaich Bergermann Partner and a seat pan cooling system which ensures that the stadium can be used during the Qatari summer months. The sunroof has been designed to match the upholstery using pleated PTFE fabric and cables. When deployed, the roof functions as a sail to cover the oculus above the playing field and create a sheltered environment for football during the summer. Passive design principles along with computer modeling and wind tunnel testing were used to maximize the efficiency of the physical enclosure to ensure the comfort of players and spectators.

© Hufton + Raven
© Hufton + Raven
© Zaha Hadid Architects
© Zaha Hadid Architects
© Hufton + Raven
© Hufton + Raven

Given the stadium’s context in the coastal town of Al Wakrah, the client requested that its design reflect the maritime traditions and history of the venue, especially the region’s traditional boat, the dhow. ZHA responded with a design that integrates these cultural references in an abstract way and combines them with practical responses to the climate, context and functional requirements of a football stadium. Abstraction turns the literal into something new and appropriate for a football stadium; allowing multiple interpretations of these cultural references both in their application and in their reading.

© Hufton + Raven
© Hufton + Raven

The stadium’s roof design is an abstraction of the hulls of the dhows overturned and curled up together to provide shade and shelter. This is expressed in the geometry of the stadium envelope, the details and the materiality chosen, including the structure of the roof beams which echoes the interior structure of a how’s shell. The facades of the stadium are inclined outwards, tapered in elevation and recall the pleating of the sails of a dhow. The image of the dhow is further emphasized by the large overhang of the eaves of the stadium which incorporates strips of metal cladding reminiscent of the wooden structures used in a dhow.

© Hufton + Raven
© Hufton + Raven

The opaque surfaces of the stadium roof and walls are expressed in folded cross sections. This feature, which has its origins in Arabic patterns and calligraphy, adds texture to the outer shell and also emphasizes the unique geometry of the stadium. Exterior cladding materials are deliberately chosen from a limited palette of materials and color choices; namely white for the roof and wall cladding, and darker colors for the areas under the eaves, including the lower level curtain wall with its ornamental lattice screen print that provides shading.

© Zaha Hadid Architects
© Zaha Hadid Architects
© Zaha Hadid Architects
© Zaha Hadid Architects

The color palette of the building’s exterior envelope harmonizes with its geometric shapes and reinforces the articulation of the exterior skin. The roof cladding and opaque surfaces above the eaves are white or off-white in color with a glossy surface finish that is reminiscent of seashells and emphasizes the folds that add texture to the building envelope. The raised eaves and lattice screen printing of the lower level glass facades are metallic bronze in color, adding a sense of richness and depth to the design. The choice of a bronze metallic finish for these worked surfaces pays homage to the traditions and art of Islamic craftsmanship.

© Luc Hayes
© Luc Hayes

The stadium sits on a large landscaped podium that takes visitors from the level to the main entrance hall of the entry level located in the middle of the bowl bleachers. This podium connects the stadium to the adjacent landscape and reduces its scale. Large parabolic voids in the podium signify different areas of activity. On the east side, gaps allow the majority of spectators to enter and leave the stadium. The northeast void will include a community market while the southeast void will house a business park. To the west, the parabolic void inside the podium allows vehicles to enter and descend to ground level for players, officials and dignitaries.

© Luc Hayes
© Luc Hayes

The stadium was designed in conjunction with a new enclosure so that it sits at the heart of an urban sprawl of the city, creating community activities in and around the stadium on non-event days. Al Janoub Stadium will be a memorable place and destination during the Qatar 2022 FIFA World Cup and thereafter, at the center of its Al Wakrah community.

© Luc Hayes
© Luc Hayes


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