Oceanic climate – Jaca Huesca http://jacahuesca.com/ Sun, 15 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://jacahuesca.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/cropped-icon-32x32.png Oceanic climate – Jaca Huesca http://jacahuesca.com/ 32 32 Why are spring gales stronger this year? | John Lindsey | John Lindsey https://jacahuesca.com/why-are-spring-gales-stronger-this-year-john-lindsey-john-lindsey/ Sun, 15 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/why-are-spring-gales-stronger-this-year-john-lindsey-john-lindsey/

I have received countless emails and social media posts commenting on the stronger than normal northwesterly winds this spring. The San Luis Obispo Air Pollution Control District announced that consistent high winds over the past few weeks have impacted air quality on the Central Coast, particularly in southern San Luis County. Obispo.

Along the northern and central California coast, spring is known for strong and persistent northwesterly winds, but they have been more pronounced this year.

Several days this spring have seen northwesterly wind gusts of over 50 mph at the Diablo Canyon weather tower. On April 30, northwesterly wind gusts reached 59 mph.

This condition has produced large amounts of upwelling and freezing seawater temperatures. Seawater temperatures in Diablo Canyon have so far hovered between 48 and 50 degrees this month. . These winds also mixed the marine/temperature inversion layer, leaving mostly clear skies with lots of sunshine.

So why are the infamous spring gales more persistent and stronger than normal this year?

The first is the record number of storms this year and the southerly prefrontal winds and rains they bring. The first four months of 2022 were the driest on record at Cal Poly since 1869. Cal Poly recorded just 1.5 inches of rain as of May 14. The previous driest start to the year was in 1972, when 2.78 inches fell. So far, Santa Maria Public Airport has seen just 1.7 inches, like Cal Poly, which is also the driest start to the year on record. To make matters worse, May is on track to be completely dry.

This week, the US Drought Monitor dropped much of San Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara counties, except for coastal regions, from D2 (severe drought) to D3 (extreme drought) classifications. The Drought Monitor map is updated weekly and is a joint effort of the National Drought Mitigation Center at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the United States Department of Agriculture.

The scarcity of storms this year is likely linked to the current La Niña, “the drought diva,” according to Bill Patzert – a retired climatologist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena – which stubbornly remains in place. As of January 2020, a La Niña or neutral condition – the infamous “El Nothing” or “El Nada” inhabits Niño 3.4 – a region of sea surface temperatures in the central equatorial zone of the Pacific Ocean – as the standard for classify El Niño (SST warmer than normal) and La Niña (SST colder than normal) events. Fortune-telling SST cycles in Niño 3.4 are ranked by their deviation from the three-month average SST.

This week, the Climate Prediction Center reported that “La Niña is favored to continue through the Northern Hemisphere summer (59% chance in June-August), with 50-55% chance through the fall. A few of the climate models predicted that La Niña would persist until early 2023.

El Niño events tend to drive the storm track further south on the central coast, while a La Niña condition often does the opposite, keeping the storm track to the north, which is not good news for precipitation.

Which brings us to the question: what can the California coast expect with a warming climate? One scenario could be more northwesterly winds and, in turn, more upwellings.

As the Central Valley warms, it could produce a deeper thermal trough, which is often a prominent weather feature in the spring, summer, and fall. A deeper trough would create a stronger pressure gradient between the waters off our coasts and the interior, producing a higher frequency of northwesterly (onshore) winds and cooler air temperatures at lower levels. of the atmosphere.

In recent decades, this assumption seems to be confirmed. Stronger northwesterly winds have reduced the amount of low coastal clouds and the fog and mist they bring. Cloud cover measurements collected at the San Luis Obispo County Airport show a decreasing trend.

None of this is comforting and given the unusually dry conditions across California, all experts are worried about an early and long fire season.

John Lindsey is Pacific Gas and Electric Co.’s Diablo Canyon Power Plant marine meteorologist and media relations representative. Email him at pgeweather@pge.com or follow him on Twitter @PGE_John.

What are flash droughts? | Discover the magazine https://jacahuesca.com/what-are-flash-droughts-discover-the-magazine/ Fri, 13 May 2022 19:02:06 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/what-are-flash-droughts-discover-the-magazine/

You’ve heard of flash floods, but have you ever heard of flash droughts? These events are relatively new to natural disasters and happen quickly, with conditions changing from normal to extremely dry in less than a month. This means people don’t have time to prepare for the consequences, which can include withered crops, dried up streams or exhausted wells.

According to Ben Cook, a climatologist at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies, efforts have been made over the past six years to better understand flash droughts. One of the goals is to identify early indicators that could help predict these events and give more warning before they happen.

“The classic view of droughts is that they move slowly and take a long time to develop, Cook explains. “But like heavy rains, floods or heat waves, flash droughts are very quick – all of a sudden, you’re there.”

A North American clothes dryer

A well-documented flash drought swept through the central United States in 2012. Normal winter and spring precipitation led farmers, ranchers and meteorologists to assume it would be a normal summer. But it suddenly stopped raining in May, causing the driest summer on the Great Plains since 1895even eclipsing the Dust Bowl summers of 1934 and 1936. Drought decimated crops in six states, resulting in agricultural losses of $35.7 billion.

“Many farmers had already seeded all their fields,” says Cook. “In places without irrigation, they could do nothing but watch their fields dry out completely.”

A drought, such as that of 2012, is “a period of abnormally dry weather long enough to cause a serious hydrological imbalance”, according to the American Meteorological Society. It is characterized according to the season in which it occurs, the type of water it limits (snow, rain, groundwater) or the impact it has on different sectors (agricultural, cultural, ecological).

For example, a snow drought could reduce a community’s drinking water supply during the summer. And an agricultural drought could affect specific crops, while a multidecadal mega-drought could cause ecosystem-wide changes in vegetation.

Flash droughts have an unusually rapid onset and deplete water availability – especially soil moisture – within weeks or even days. Above average temperatures combined with a lack of precipitation are usually the cause.

“A warmer, drier atmosphere sucks more moisture out of the soil and plants, all things being equal,” Cook says. “When you add a rainfall deficit, it speeds up surface drying.”

The 2012 disaster prompted researchers to focus on flash droughts. In a study published in 2021, Cook and his colleagues used tree-ring data, combined with data on soil moisture and the main atmospheric circulation pattern. They then reconstructed the frequency and magnitude of flash droughts in the central plains over the past 500 years. Although they found significant variations from century to century, the model showed that more than a third of all flash droughts since 1500 AD occurred in the 20th century.

Another study published in 2021 found that global warming is shift the rhythm of the hydrological cycle: Peak soil moisture or snowmelt runoff occurs earlier in the year. That means places like the Great Plains can expect drier conditions in early summer that last longer into the fall. Additionally, even in places where the total amount of precipitation is not expected to change, Cook says some areas may experience more consecutive dry days between rain events — priming the pump for more frequent flash droughts.

“All the evidence strongly suggests that a warmer world translates to a drier western North America,” Cook says.

Hard to predict

An article published this year in Nature looked at spatial patterns of where flash droughts developed around the world from 2000 to 2020 and came to the same conclusions. The researchers determined that atmospheric aridity combined with soil moisture depletion “will create an environment prone to sudden drought.” Although rapid drying does not occur more frequently in most parts of the world, they found evidence that flash droughts do occur more quickly: 33-46% of global flash droughts in the past 20 years have developed in only five days.

However, while science provides insight into where and how these rapid drying outs occur, we still don’t know how to predict them.

“We know the physical ingredients that cause flash droughts, but we don’t really understand what triggers them in the soil column,” says Justin Mankin, professor of geography at Dartmouth College and co-lead of the National Oceanic Drought Task. and Atmospheric Administration. Strength.

Part of the reason flash droughts are difficult to predict is that there is a lack of on-the-ground monitoring, including real-time measurements of soil moisture. And that’s not just in the United States, but around the world, Mankin explains. Tools like the US Drought Monitor rely on satellite imagery of vegetation as well as other geophysical data. But they only provide an estimate of soil moisture, rather than showing what’s happening below the surface.

“Plants do the majority of the water exchange between the earth and the atmosphere,” Mankin explains. “This exchange occurs in what we call the root zone about a meter underground, which is difficult to monitor from a satellite.”

According to Mankin, the installation of integrated networks of on the spot soil moisture observations would provide better benchmarks for drought prediction models, including their representation of plant-soil water interactions. This could help people prepare for a flash drought. For example, given enough warning, a rancher could look for other feeding options for livestock before a pasture dries up, or a farmer could harvest crops early before they wilt.

“The forecasting tools we have for longer-term droughts are simply not good enough to anticipate these flash events,” Cook agrees. “A warmer world makes the atmosphere drier, increases moisture losses from the surface and leads to a much drier baseline. This is obviously going to have ramifications for water resources.

Whether droughts come slowly or in the blink of an eye, careful monitoring of water stored in soils, snow, streams and aquifers will help us mitigate their impacts on our communities.

Glasgow, United Kingdom 2020 https://jacahuesca.com/glasgow-united-kingdom-2020/ Wed, 11 May 2022 20:06:09 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/glasgow-united-kingdom-2020/

Glasgow is a place with an ancient history and a unique culture. The people of Glasgow, as its citizens are called, are known for their distinctive accent and dialect. The name Glasgow comes from Brittonic or Brythonic, an ancient Celtic language, and means green hollow or glen, believed to refer to a ravine near Glasgow Cathedral. Others believe it was derived from the ancient Gaelic word Glas Caomh, meaning a “Dear Green Place” – a nickname that some still use to refer to the city. In modern Celtic, the name of the city is Glaschu. Historically an industrial city, art and culture lovers have plenty to explore in Glasgow, home to Scottish Opera, Scottish Ballet and the National Theater of Scotland. Glasgow is close to the stories of Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park, making it a popular hub for nature lovers.

Geography and Climate of Glasgow

A wide view of a street, buildings and rooftops in Glasgow city centre, Scotland, UK.

Glasgow is a port on the River Clyde about 20 miles from its mouth in the North Atlantic, in the region known as the Western Lowlands. It lies approximately 45-72 km west of Edinburgh. The city districts stretch along most of the lower Clyde Valley, and most government and commercial sectors are on the north side of the river. Prior to 1975, Glasgow was part of the former county of Lanarkshire. From 1975 to 1996 it became part of the Strathclyde region. Since 1997 Glasgow has been named a Council Area, one of 32 in Scotland.

Due to its proximity to the North Atlantic, Glasgow experiences an oceanic climate according to the Köppen climate classification. Winters are generally cool, with cloudy skies and average daytime temperatures of around 7.2°C from December to February. Extreme cold and heavy snowfall are rare. Summers are relatively cool, with conditions that can be quite variable. Daytime highs range from 18.3°C to just under 19.4°C from June to August. Humidity and rain are frequent, but heat events are rare. Spring is mild and the unsettled weather of summer often settles into a more stable fall. Rain is frequent throughout the year, with an average of 170 rainy days per year.

Glasgow’s history

Glasgow Necropolis, Scotland, UK
Glasgow Necropolis, Scotland, UK. Editorial credit: Ion Mes / Shutterstock.com

Glasgow was a natural place of colonization. Excavations have unearthed evidence of a prehistoric settlement at the current site of the city. The Romans reached the area in the 2nd century AD, building what is known as the Antonine Wall in 154 AD. Today parts of it, along with other Roman artifacts, are available at the Hunterian Museum. Glasgow is believed to have become a religious center after Saint Mungo, also known as St. Kentigern, founded a cathedral in 540. Archaeological excavations in the area have confirmed aspects of the presence of a religious community in the 6th century. Glasgow Cathedral, which opened in 1197 on the same site, is dedicated to Saint Mungo. Glasgow became a royal burgh in 1450. The University of Glasgow was established in 1451 and became a driving force in the academic and intellectual life of the city. The diocese was elevated to the status of Archdiocese of Glasgow in 1492. When Scottish and English royalty united in 1603, it launched centuries of growth as Glasgow became a major port in Britain’s transatlantic trade with the West Indies and North America in rum. , sugar and tobacco. Glasgow was ripe for the onset of the Industrial Revolution, attracting people from surrounding areas and beyond. From the 20th to the 21st century, Glasgow has evolved into a modern city with a diverse population and economy.

The people of Glasgow

University of Glasgow
A view of the University of Glasgow on a bright summer day.

Glasgow is Scotland’s largest city and the UK’s fourth largest. In 1801 the population was estimated at 77,000, which increased to 147,000 in 1821 and 762,000 in 1901. The population peaked in 1925 at around 1,089,000 and remained relatively stable until the 1950s. At this At the time, Glasgow was one of the most densely populated cities in Europe. In the decades that followed, a government effort to expand the urban population to the suburbs resulted in the creation of new communities such as East Kibride and Cumbernauld in the 1960s. downtown. From the 1960s, the population began to decline by about 1% per year until the beginning of the 21st century, when it began a slow increase. The population of Glasgow (council area) is 593,245, according to 2011 census data, with the metropolitan area (Greater Glasgow) at 957,620. The wider Glasgow city region, incorporating outlying areas, has a population of 1.84 million, about a third of all of Scotland.

Economy of Glasgow

Buchanan Street in the city centre, Glasgow, Scotland
Buchanan Street in the city centre, Glasgow, Scotland. Editorial credit: Ion Mes / Shutterstock.com

Situated between the Scottish Highlands and Lowlands at the mouth of the Clyde, Glasgow has developed into a natural hub for commerce. The colony’s early industries included agriculture, breweries, and fishing. Dried salmon was an early export, with records of it being shipped to mainland Europe in the 1490s. The Acts of Union of 1707 gave Scotland commercial access to all of the British Empire. At one time it was home to more than half of the total British tobacco trade, importing up to £47 million a year at its peak. Glasgow became the largest seaport in Scotland and the tenth largest (measured by tonnage) in Britain. The shipbuilding sector has benefited from its location, alongside the strong presence of the textile, precision marine engineering and chemical industries. The Scott family established the first shipyard in 1711, and industry quickly grew to cluster along the Clyde. As a world center for shipbuilding, the city was known for producing innovative ships, some of which became famous, including the iconic Cutty Sark, launched in 1869, and RMS Queen Mary, launched in 1934. With the largest Scotland’s economy, heavy engineering and manufacturing continues to play a role in the city’s economy in the 21st century, albeit very small. Aerospace technology is a relatively new addition to the industry mix, along with communications and information technology and a major push into biomedical technology and pharmaceuticals. Tourism has become more critical to the city’s fortunes through a concerted effort at the government level.

Attractions in Glasgow

Glasgow Cathedral in Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Glasgow Cathedral in Glasgow, Scotland, UK.

History buffs will simply enjoy strolling through the Old Town, exploring buildings like Glasgow University Cloisters and uniquely atmospheric areas like Glasgow Necropolis, a Victorian graveyard. Glasgow Cathedral is even older, opened in 1197, and the city’s oldest house, known as Provand’s Lordship, was built in 1471.

Main hall of the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum in Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Main hall of the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum in Glasgow, Scotland, UK. Editorial credit: SunPanupong / Shutterstock.com

Streetscapes dating from the 17th and 18th centuries are preserved in Glasgow Cross, and many more feature Victorian and Art Nouveau styles. Glasgow is a city of fascinating galleries and museums to explore, such as the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, the Gallery of Modern Art and the Riverside Museum. The Hunterian Museum, established in 1807, is located on the campus of the University of Glasgow. Alongside its main cultural institutions, Glasgow has become famous for its street art scene and a vibrant independent music community to be discovered in many pubs and other venues around the city.

From its ancient beginnings and industrial past, modern Glasgow has become a city of diverse culture, education and business, with an increasingly diverse population. Due to its rich and varied past, it is a city with a unique local culture that has endured and flourished into the 21st century. Today, it can be experienced as a vibrant, multi-tiered city where a six-and-a-half-year-old university is at the forefront of biotechnology, and a reverence for history blends with vibrant nightlife and a trendy restaurant scene.

Monitor expedition gears up as marine sanctuary system turns 50 https://jacahuesca.com/monitor-expedition-gears-up-as-marine-sanctuary-system-turns-50/ Tue, 10 May 2022 04:15:52 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/monitor-expedition-gears-up-as-marine-sanctuary-system-turns-50/
The wreck of the Civil War battleship USS Monitor off Cape Hatteras received federal protection on January 30, 1975 as the Monitor National Marine Sanctuary, making it the first site of the National Marine Sanctuary System. Photo: NOAA Monitor Collection

CAPE HATTERAS – This year marks the 50th anniversary of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Marine Sanctuary Systems, an occasion that, by definition, makes the Monitor National Marine Sanctuary even more special because it was the very first.

The problem is that most Americans may be thinking, “What is a marine sanctuary system?” And even if the public is aware of their existence, does it understand their raison d’être?

“Not enough,” said John Armour, director of NOAA’s Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, in a recent interview. “We have a lot of work to do on that.”

Next week, the public will be able to see for themselves the value of a sanctuary. From Sunday, May 15 through Wednesday, May 25, people will have a golden opportunity to watch groundbreaking science broadcast live on a new expedition to Monitor National Marine Sanctuary.

According to a NOAA press release, a team of scientists and divers working on the NOAA vessel Nancy Foster as a research platform will use advanced technology, including underwater drones, to explore the Battleship Monitor. Civil War and other wrecks in the surrounding area as part of a study of their value as fish reefs.

The Global Foundation for Ocean Exploration’s Valor in the Atlantic Expedition begins Thursday.

Described by NOAA on its website as a “network of underwater parks,” the sanctuary system spans more than 620,000 square miles and includes 15 national marine sanctuaries on the Atlantic, Pacific and Gulf, American Samoa and the Great Lakes, as well as Papahānaumokuākea. and the National Marine Monuments of Rose Atoll.

The National Marine Sanctuary System turns 50 on October 23.

“I think the 50th anniversary is really an opportunity for us to expand the tent and raise a lot more awareness and frankly to appreciate and love the National Marine Sanctuary system more broadly,” Armor said.

Armor, who has been at the helm since 2016, said current efforts are focused on connecting local communities to the work of the sanctuary. Shrines also need to be more accessible, including engagement with tribal and indigenous communities, he said. And its workforce needs to be more diverse.

When the sanctuary system was created in 1972 with the passing of the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act, it was one of a series of landmark coastal protection bills enacted at that time, which also included the Coastal Zone Management Act, the Marine Mammal Protection Act. Act, the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act, the Clean Water Act, and the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act Amendments, according to NOAA’s online system history.

But it took three years for the first sanctuary to come to fruition, and it was by chance that the monitor was discovered about 20 miles off Cape Hatteras by Duke University researchers the year after the monitor was created. system.

One of the few photographs taken from the deck of the battleship USS Monitor, which was called
One of the few photographs taken from the deck of the battleship USS Monitor, which was called “Lincoln’s secret weapon” during the Civil War. Lincoln visited the Monitor on the day this photo was taken, July 9, 1862, but left before the photographer arrived. Siah Carter, front right, was a 22-year-old former slave who escaped from a Virginia plantation and joined the Monitor’s embedded crew, serving as assistant cook and charcoal burner until to the sinking of the battleship later that year. Photo: Library of Congress

A centerpiece

From the moment the USS Monitor rolled into Hampton Roads in early 1862, the Union Navy’s first battleship dazzled as a phenomenon of wartime engineering. Her nearly four-hour battle less than two months later at a Norfolk port with the Confederate battleship CSS Virginia ultimately ended in a draw but sealed her heroic legacy.

Even after the famed battleship and its 16 officers and crew fell in a severe New Year’s gale the same year, the Monitor remained a centerpiece of scientific and cultural interest.

Located in the famous “Graveyard of the Atlantic” – feared by sailors for its shallow, shifting shoals – the sunken vessel rests on the ocean floor 230 feet deep in a column of water of one nautical mile in diameter. The site was designated the country’s first marine sanctuary on January 30, 1975.

Thousands of artifacts have been recovered from the Monitor, most of which are housed at the Mariners Museum in Newport News, Virginia. In 2001, NOAA, the United States Navy, and the Mariners Museum, among others, joined in five expeditions to recover numerous artifacts, including her steam engine and part of the hull. The following year, the monitor’s rotating turret was raised from the ocean floor during a 42-day expedition.

When the Museum of the Atlantic Cemetery in Hatteras, part of the North Carolina Maritime Museum System, completes its exhibit installation in the coming months, it plans to include artifacts from the Monitor.

The initial impetus for the Hatteras Museum was spurred by the discovery of the wreckage of the Monitor, but planning and funding difficulties delayed the project long after the artifacts went to Virginia.

In 2008, the Monitor Sanctuary proposed to expand its parameters to include some nearby sunken war wrecks, including World War II submarines. But after a series of public meetings in which local divers and fishermen voiced concerns about the increased restrictions, the proposed plan was tabled.

NOAA, meanwhile, says Navy regulations provide protections for sunken ships.

But Armor said the expansion plan could be restarted, with more public comment. Currently, NOAA is working to establish new sanctuaries off Hawaii and the south-central California coast.

Once those planning processes are finalized, which could happen within about 18 months, the Monitor Sanctuary’s proposed expansion could then be reconsidered, he said.

Nearly 160 years after the USS Monitor sank off North Carolina in a New Year's storm, the wreck discovered in 1973 teems with marine life.  Photo: NOAA
Nearly 160 years after the USS Monitor sank off North Carolina in a New Year’s storm, the wreck discovered in 1973 teems with marine life. Photo: NOAA

Open process

Armor said he understands the community’s suspicions or skepticism towards the restrictions, but he assured that each sanctuary has its own specific plan, with its own set of regulations and permitted activities which are developed by , with and for the community.

“That’s what we love about the sanctuary process is that it’s so open and collaborative,” he said. “We really do a lot to make sure that we involve all sectors of potentially affected communities in the decision and that we really benefit from the advice and perspective that communities have to offer. So there is no one-size-fits-all approach to any of these topics that would come from the national office.

Enforcement is also performed on a site-by-site basis by NOAA’s Office of Law Enforcement, which works closely with the Coast Guard and national wildlife agencies.

While activities such as diving and fishing are permitted in most marine sanctuary areas, Armor said, they also provide refuge for fish and other marine animals, promote resilience and allow for almost scientific monitoring. in real time to protect habitat and water quality.

And marine sanctuaries help solve a problem, he said, “that may be too big for people to even make up their mind.”

“I think the impacts of climate change and how they are felt in communities across the country have really highlighted the value that national marine sanctuaries can bring to the issue,” he said. “So sanctuaries and other protected areas on land and in the ocean help us focus our attention and help us focus our messaging on what we can do as average citizens to help address these challenges.”

Armor said NOAA is planning a series of events leading up to the October anniversary celebration, which are detailed on a recently updated website.

It’s all part of raising public awareness, so they can celebrate what most didn’t even know they had.

“And again, to use the 50th anniversary not to look back and congratulate ourselves on all the great things we’ve done,” he said, “but to challenge ourselves and look forward to how we we can do better on the road.”

]]> How to store our syrup https://jacahuesca.com/how-to-store-our-syrup/ Sun, 08 May 2022 12:11:17 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/how-to-store-our-syrup/

Dan Weeks works on climate solutions at ReVision Energy, an employee-owned Benefit Corporation. He lives in Nashua with his wife and children.

Before my children even remembered it, our family engaged in a certain springtime ritual as authentic as New Hampshire, and older still.

Sometime after Valentine’s Day, as the days get longer and the temperatures start to rise, we grab our dented metal buckets and buckets from the garage, rinse them out, and get ready for our first and favorite harvest of the year. With a hammer and drill, we drilled a pair of two-inch-deep holes in each of our majestic back maples, inserted the arrows (or taps), and hung our buckets, just like our ancestors did. for many generations.

Then the magic happens. Beneath the warm skies and the watchful eyes of my children, the sap begins to flow into the taps and kerplunk in the buckets. As the buckets fill up, we carefully pour their contents into larger buckets, load them onto our tightly sealed cart and roll them down the road to our neighbour’s tub.

Once the vat is nearly full from our local sugar bush, we join our friendly neighbor as he turns on his evaporator and boils the watery sap for hours. Finally, out of the fog of scorching sweetness, we receive our reward: pure New Hampshire maple syrup. A perfect pancake filling. A delicious sign of spring.

But this year was different. After a prolonged warm spell at the start of winter, temperatures remained low for the past few weeks until a sudden jump caused early tree bud burst and shortened the maple season in the southern section. Painfully short, from the perspective of our children, not to mention the hundreds of maple syrup producers in our state and our rural economy.

In fact, in low-lying areas of southern New Hampshire, the sudden shift from frozen days and nights to an outright thaw reduced the maple season from six or more weeks to just one week in March, according to a local maple syrup producer we visited. It was too short for us and our neighbor from Nashua, much to the dismay of our family. Even the region’s established producers, whose draft tube technology allows them to extract more sap in intermittent weather, have reported half of a ‘typical’ year’s syrup production, if such a thing remains. .

Indeed, while this may be the first weeklong harvest our state has seen in the hundreds of years since Native Americans invented maple syrup and shared with our ancestors, this was not the only slowdown. According to the latest data from the USDA and the NH Maple Grower’s Association, last year’s season saw an 18% drop in maple syrup production from the previous year and a drop of 33 % since the recent peak in 2016. That means 42,000 gallons less of the sweet stuff, even though the number of individual faucets remained the same at around 530,000.

What is the origin of our misadventure in New Hampshire? According to researchers studying maple trees across the region, the culprit is climate change. As humans emit more greenhouse gases (GHGs) by burning fossil fuels, the cover that makes up the Earth’s atmosphere thickens and more of the sun’s rays are absorbed by land and sea. Here in New Hampshire, the rate of GHG emissions is 15 million metric tons per year, which is equivalent to 375,000 fully loaded tractor-trailer trucks being injected into our atmosphere, mostly in the form of carbon dioxide (CO2 ).

Once there, it takes between 300 and 1,000 years for the CO2 to decay, meaning what we do today will affect not just our children and grandchildren, but many generations of people and families. maples to come. Already, the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere is 417 parts per million, according to NASA, the highest rate since the beginning of human life.

In New Hampshire, these fossil fuel emissions have raised average surface temperatures by 2.3 degrees F in summer and 6.0 degrees F in winter since 1970, according to the latest data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA). The disproportionate increase in winter temperatures is linked to a marked drop in snow cover already evident in winter, which means that less sunlight is reflected back into the atmosphere and more is absorbed by the earth, one of many negative feedback loops that threaten to accelerate heating. always further.

As a result, the optimal climate for maple syrup production is expected to shift north about 250 miles from the 43rd parallel in southern New Hampshire to the 48th parallel north of Quebec City by 2100, according to a peer-reviewed research from Dartmouth College, USA. Geological survey and other institutions. This could spell the death knell for maple syrup in New Hampshire.

And it’s not just maple trees and our $250 million maple syrup industry that are threatened by global warming in the Granite State. UNH researchers have found that higher winter temperatures turn snow into rain, with total snowfall expected to fall by 50% this century. This means that only one in seven ski areas in the region will likely be in operation by the year 2100 when my children reach old age, a huge loss to recreation and the $500 million ski industry of our State. Many ski areas, like Temple Mountain where I learned to ski as a child, have already closed their doors for good.

The same goes for New Hampshire’s iconic moose population, which has already halved to about 3,500 moose over the past twenty years, according to researchers at UNH and NH Fish and Game. If current trends continue, New Hampshire could lose its entire moose population, as warming winters make them susceptible to ticks and other parasites. Like the moose, we humans have seen a doubling of tick-borne Lyme disease cases reported to the CDC in the past five years, not to mention the hundreds of granite staters who die prematurely each year from air pollution caused by burning fossil fuels.

If these statistics put a sour taste in your mouth, consider the bright side: because global warming is caused by us humans, we can also solve it by reducing our greenhouse gas emissions without compromising our quality of life. Rather than sending $5.5 billion of our hard-earned money out of state each year to import fossil fuels, we can harness our own local renewable energy to power a healthy future while boosting billions of dollars in new investments and creating thousands of well-paying local jobs. .

All it takes to get started is for the governor and legislative majority of New Hampshire to follow the lead of the people by embracing climate science and declaring our state open for business to solve the climate crisis. Indeed, the latest 2021 survey data reveals that nearly three-quarters of Granite Staters agree that global warming is happening and harming plants and animals, and eight in ten want stronger government incentives for climate action. .

At Concord, action begins with setting meaningful targets for carbon-free electricity from offshore wind and solar; remove the artificial net metering cap that prevents companies from producing their own electricity on a large scale; and investing in energy efficiency and the beneficial electrification of heating and transport. For too long, legislation to do just that has languished in Concord as energy prices soar and our neighboring states reap the rewards of a rapidly expanding clean energy economy.

For syrup’s sake, I hope our politicians get the hang of sustainability before it’s too late.

Population of endangered Hawaiian monk seals highest in 2 decades https://jacahuesca.com/population-of-endangered-hawaiian-monk-seals-highest-in-2-decades/ Fri, 06 May 2022 20:21:48 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/population-of-endangered-hawaiian-monk-seals-highest-in-2-decades/

The population of endangered Hawaiian monk seals has surpassed a level not seen in more than two decades, according to federal officials.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration officials said this week that the seal population has grown steadily over the past two years.

Officials estimated that the population increased by more than 100 between 2019 and 2021, bringing the total from 1,435 to 1,570 seals. Monk seals live only in Hawaii, including the uninhabited northwestern Hawaiian Islands where most of the animals are found.

The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands are all within the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument, the largest marine protected area in the United States and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Michelle Barbieri, senior scientist with NOAA’s Hawaiian Monk Seal Research Program, said the tally shows conservation efforts have helped. The group travels the archipelago to care for and rescue animals in difficulty.

“We are there ourselves and working with partners to deliver life-saving interventions for seals, prioritizing females, who will continue to create the future generation of seals, Barbieri said. “We’re starting to really see this continued gain in intervening to save animal lives.”

NOAA has been monitoring the seal population for almost 40 years. The agency said it was the first time the population exceeded 1,500 in more than 20 years.

The animals are listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act and depleted under the Marine Mammal Protection Act.

A monk seal rests on the beach in Pupukea, Hawaii, July 20, 2018.

(Mark Baker/Associated Press)

Officials said while the trend is promising, concerns remain about survivability as the low-lying islands and atolls the seals live on are threatened by rising sea levels associated with climate change.

Some islands in the region are only a few feet above sea level.

Climate change is definitely something that really worries us,” Barbieri said. “We really see these impacts, we are experiencing them now. And that has real ramifications for seal survival.

The islets of French Frigate Shoals are home to approximately 20% of the monk seals of the Northwest Hawaiian Islands and have long supported the largest subpopulation of the species.

The land mass there shrank for decades, with some of the islands disappearing altogether.

Whaleskate Island, Trig and East Island were all washed away. Whaleskate and Trig were destroyed by erosion, and East Island was wiped out by Hurricane Walaka in 2018.

The loss of terrestrial habitat is just one of the problems facing the population. Seals often become entangled in fishing nets and other marine debris, ingest hooks, and some are targeted and killed by humans.

Monk seal populations declined for decades before the population began to recover in 2013.

Barbieri said animals not only play a vital role in the food chain, but are also an indicator of the overall health of the ocean.

“If we have healthy monk seals,” Barbieri said, “we know the ecosystem that supports these animals is healthy and thriving.”

Seychelles and New Zealand discuss drug trafficking and border security https://jacahuesca.com/seychelles-and-new-zealand-discuss-drug-trafficking-and-border-security/ Wed, 04 May 2022 06:44:32 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/seychelles-and-new-zealand-discuss-drug-trafficking-and-border-security/

Michael Upton was accredited as New Zealand High Commissioner to Seychelles on Tuesday. (Nation of Seychelles)

Photo license

Border security and tackling the flow of illegal substances were at the forefront of discussions, the newly accredited high commissioner for New Zealand said on Tuesday.

Speaking to the press after his accreditation to State House, Victoria, High Commissioner Michael Upton said both topics were strongly emphasized by President Wavel Ramkalawan.

“We are very keen to look at areas where experience and knowledge can be shared, particularly in the area of ​​border control. This is an area of ​​concern where we will explore what is possible, in particular to examine what can be done to address flows of illicit substances,” Upton said.

Discussions also focused on the topic of COVID-19[feminine] and how it has affected the economies of both, where Upton pointed out that trade between the two countries, especially supply chains, has faced difficulties during the pandemic.

Seychelles and New Zealand shared Diplomatic links since 1992 and Upton said the two countries have a lot in common, especially when it comes to climate change, as both countries are ocean island nations.

Discussions also focused on multilateral concerns, such as the upcoming climate change conference — COP27 — and the ongoing war between Russia and Ukraine.

“We talked about the importance of climate change with the COP27 happening in Egypt later this year. It is very important that the world move towards implementation. New Zealand has contributed over $1.3 billion in funding from 2022 to 2025, with 50% of that funding going towards adaptation,” Upton said.

The upcoming Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting in Kigali in June was also discussed.

Upton told the press that there were a series of important matters to be resolved at this meeting and that New Zealand wanted to see the Commonwealth come together.

“New Zealand can contribute in a very targeted way, particularly in the areas of human rights, democracy and the rule of law,” Upton said.

He expressed his country’s concerns over Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and said “New Zealand stands with the international community and we have been very grateful for Seychelles’ support for Ukraine. in these forums”.

The High Commissioner said President Ramkalawan affirmed Seychelles’ non-aligned position and commitment to speak out on issues of concern.

During his week-long working visit to Seychelles, a 115-island group in the western Indian Ocean, Upton, who is based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, will also call on several ministers.

Leeds, United Kingdom 2020 https://jacahuesca.com/leeds-united-kingdom-2020/ Mon, 02 May 2022 15:01:18 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/leeds-united-kingdom-2020/

Leeds sprawls on both sides of the River Aire in West Yorkshire, northern England, with a rich history dating back to the days of Roman occupation. Many believe the town’s name comes from an ancient Brythonic term, the language used by the Welsh, Cornish and Bretons. The term “Ladenses” refers to the “people of the fast-flowing river.” A Roman historian described it as “a region called Loidis” (in Latin). Some people believe the name comes from Welsh “loe,” which refers to “a place.” Over the centuries, Leeds has grown from a farming community to a center for industry as well as arts and culture – one of the largest in England. The University of Leeds, a public research university, is the epicenter of a vibrant academic community. It is also a city of parks and greenery, located in a landscape of hills.

Geography of Leeds

Skyline of the city of Leeds, Yorkshire, England.

Leeds is located approximately 30 miles northeast of Manchester, just east of Bradford and 170 miles northwest of London. The Aire Valley is around 63m above sea level, with the Pennine Mountains reaching up to 340m in the Ilkley Moor area. The city’s terrain incorporates variations in elevation, reaching 198 m above sea level about 9.7 km from the city center. Leeds’ rich history owes much of its impetus to its geography. With an immediate supply of fresh water from the River Aire and its tributaries and in the middle of a fertile valley between the verdant foothills of the Pennine mountain range, it was a natural settlement area. Coal and iron deposits were discovered in the region during the time of the ancient Romans, around 350 BC. AD, fueling the city’s first era of growth and the region’s Iron Age.

Leeds Climate

Aerial photograph of Leeds city center in West Yorkshire in winter
Aerial photo of Leeds city center in West Yorkshire in winter. Editorial credit: LD Media UK / Shutterstock.com

Although landlocked, Leeds is approximately 100 km from the North Sea, and therefore the region experiences an oceanic climate according to the Köppen climate classification. The Pennines mountain range also influences the climate of Leeds. The city experiences mild summers and cold winters. The highest average daytime temperatures of just below 20°C occur in July and August, compared to less than 6°C during the coldest months of January and February. There is moderate rainfall in summer and occasional snow in winter, which is below average rainfall for the UK. Extreme temperatures during either season are rare but do occur occasionally.

Leeds History

Cathedral and Parish Church of Saint Peters-at-Leeds
Cathedral and Parish Church of Saint Peters-at-Leeds, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. Editorial credit: 4H4 Photography / Shutterstock.com

The area now home to the city of Leeds was once part of the Brythonic (Celtic) Kingdom of Elmet, which ruled the area from the 5th century to the early 7th century. At that time, the region was largely forested. Some artifacts belonging to the Romans have been found in the area, as well as those of the Brigantes, an indigenous British tribe. After the Romans, Scandinavians and Anglo-Saxons arrived in the region. In 2008, a cache of artefacts called the West Yorkshire Hoard was discovered, comprising six Anglo-Saxon gold and gemstone jewels believed to date from the 10th century. During the Anglo-Saxon era, Leeds became a township and local market center for the surrounding agricultural rich region. The township was incorporated in 1626. From the 16th century, the town also became a leading center for the wool trade and began its economy-led growth pattern, which continued until to the industrial revolution. Leeds was granted city status in 1893. The industrialized economy attracted many people from the surrounding agricultural areas for work opportunities. In 1801, the city had 92,000 inhabitants. This jumped to over 225,000 in 1841 and 609,000 in 1911.

The population of Leeds

Leeds Beckett University in Leeds, UK
Leeds Beckett University in Leeds, England. Editorial credit: Tupungato / Shutterstock.com

Besides the city of Leeds proper, the Metropolitan Borough of the City of Leeds also includes several smaller suburban towns in the surrounding area. With an urban population of over 525,000, the metropolitan area of ​​the city of Leeds has a population of just under 799,000. The larger Leeds City area has a population of over 3 million, ranking second only to the Greater London area in the UK. More than 140 ethnic groups call modern Leeds home, with a visible minority of around 18% of the population. Children make up about 20% of the population, of which just over 15% are considered elderly. The vast majority (over 86%) of the population was born in the UK. Besides the University of Leeds, the city is home to Leeds Beckett University, Leeds Trinity University and Leeds University of the Art. The student population is estimated at 40,000. The city’s population has grown slowly but steadily in the modern era, at a rate of approximately 11% between 2002 and 2022.

Economy of Leeds

Leeds Corn Exchange - a Victorian building in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England
Leeds Corn Exchange – a Victorian building in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.

From its beginnings as a farming market town, Leeds has grown into a major urban center in the UK. In the 14th century, contact with innovative Flemish weavers laid the foundations for the cloth trade in Leeds, an industry that would become increasingly important over the following centuries. In 1770, Leeds handled one-sixth of England’s export trade, supplied mainly by textiles. Coal mining led to early industrialization and, as the Industrial Revolution progressed, led to the growth of the mechanical engineering industry. A canalized section was created to make the Aire more navigable, called Aire and Calder Navigation, with the first section being laid in 1704. In 1816 construction of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal was completed and the Leeds and Liverpool Railway Leeds and Selby was set up. in 1834, triggering new growth. Locomotive engineering has become a new growing industry. With longstanding transport links, which today include the M1 from London to Leeds and Leeds Bradford International Airport, Leeds has become the industrial center of the Yorkshire region. Besides industry, the city is a financial center and is home to the headquarters of several banking institutions, including the Yorkshire Bank. Digital manufacturing and creative industries form a significant part of the city’s economy, along with retail and tourism.

Attractions in Leeds

Yorkshire Dales National Park

Leeds is an ideal center for exploring the natural beauty of West Yorkshire, including the Yorkshire Dales National Park, located less than 20 miles from the city centre. More than 600 hectares of green spaces are integrated into more than 200 parks and open spaces in the city. They include forested areas and agricultural lands, as well as the parks themselves. Tourists can go hiking, trekking, cycling and other outdoor activities.

Abbey House Museum

Abbey House Museum in Kirkstall, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England
Abbey House Museum in Kirkstall, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.

The history of Leeds is easy to explore by walking around the city centre, as well as historic properties like the Tudor-Jacobean mansion called Temple Newsam House. The Abbey House Museum preserves the town’s Victorian past.

Museums in Leeds

Leeds City Museum in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England
The Leeds City Museum is housed in the former Mechanics’ Institute on Millennium Square in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. Editorial credit: Nina Alizada / Shutterstock.com

There are over 16 museums and art galleries to explore the region’s history and culture, including the Leeds City Museum and the Jorvik Viking Center which contains exhibits depicting the era of Norse occupation, circa the ninth century. As a center for the arts, there is a thriving cultural and nightlife scene, major productions by independent artists, and numerous annual festivals that celebrate the arts and culinary culture.

Leeds is a city with a fascinating history that has evolved over the centuries from the woodland of the Celtic people of ancient times to the vibrant mix of industry, education and culture of today. The city wears its past proudly, including landmarks such as the 13th-century York Minster, existing sections of medieval walls around the old town, and many other structures dating from the Middle Ages and different historical periods. Areas developed in the city’s industrial past that fueled its massive growth from the 19th to 20th centuries have been redeveloped into music venues, bars and other cultural venues. Leeds is a city where the past continues to evolve into the present.

Do Boulder winds change with climate? https://jacahuesca.com/do-boulder-winds-change-with-climate/ Sat, 30 Apr 2022 20:00:25 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/do-boulder-winds-change-with-climate/
Image by Zhang Fengsheng via Unsplash

Saturday, April 30, 2022

Mike Calderazzo was never afraid of grass fires.

Tremendous fires were occurring in wooded areas, with thick trees and thick undergrowth to feed them with hot, strong, unstoppable forces. Grass fires were burning rapidly, feasting on thin strips of dried vegetation.

Then came the Marshall Fire and its 100 mile per hour winds. He blew a fire across 6,000 acres, burning homes in places he never thought were at risk of wildfire.

“If you had asked me on Christmas Day, I would have said, ‘No, don’t worry about that,'” Calderazzo said.

“Now every grass fire is a little worrying.”

Boulder’s powerful winds and their potential to create powerful fires are certainly nothing new. But a seemingly very windy April and the seven (small) fires this month have many wondering whether, in addition to a drying and warming climate, the winds are also changing.

Calderazzo certainly thinks so. More windy days limit the time firefighters can conduct prescribed burns, he said, an important mitigation strategy.

Windy days come up frequently, he said. “It seems to be a trend. We are going to see more windy days, rather than fewer.

Historic windstorms

When it comes to wind, there are a lot of things we don’t know. For starters, although instruments have been in place since the 1960s, reliable and consistent wind data only dates back to the 1990s.

Because the wind is cyclical, it limits the analysis we can do, said Dr. Julie Kay Lundquist, a member of the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at the University of Colorado and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

The main cycle we know is the annual cycle and El Niño every 5-7 years,” Lundquist said. “There are other cycles that are much longer than that: 10 years, 20 years, 70 years, and we don’t have very good records that go back that far. We can’t really untangle these long-term cycles.

Major wind events tend to be recorded in weather data and in the media. A 1974 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration article used newspaper coverage to analyze winds from 1869 to 1972. It found one to two windstorms each year, on average, of which about a third were associated with fire. .

“Boulder has always been a windy place,” said Dr. Gerald Meehl, senior scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. The wind rushes through the mountains “like water over a dam” – a “mountain wave” that more often than not crashes over Boulder.

The 60s and 70s were particularly windy, Meehl said, with winds “regularly” above 120 mph. 1982 also saw a large wind event, with gusts of up to 137 mph affecting around 40% of buildings in the city.

The scarcity of damage in recent years does not mean that the winds are becoming weaker or less frequent. Building codes have become stricter, Meehl said, and mature trees help block structures from the strongest gusts.

A “remarkably windy” month of April

While more data is always nice, Ludquist said, “there’s a lot you can do with the data we have.”

She watched recently spring (January 1 to April 26) wind speeds from an NREL tower just east of Eldorado Canyon dating back to 2002. His conclusion? “This year is not going to be remarkable” in terms of top speed.

Focus on April alonethis month “was remarkably windy”, with the average wind speed higher than at any time in the past two decades (although previous Aprils had recorded higher peak speeds). Another analysis of total hours with winds above 20 miles per hour suggest this April was the windiest since at least 2012.

“The absolute strongest winds didn’t occur in April,” Lundquist summed up, “but in April there were tremendously strong winds.”

Meehl said the data suggests “large Boulder Chinook wind events have become less strong over time.” They can also occur later in the spring; historically they have been mostly confined to the winter months.

This summer, Meehl and others at NCAR will test their hypothesis that changing atmospheric conditions impact the severity of Chinook winds around Boulder, and whether those conditions have themselves been affected by climate change.

“We may be able to link it to climate change,” he said. “We don’t have the answers yet.”

“Increased risk no matter what”

Whether the winds change or not, other fire conditions do. The planet – and the northern Front Range in particular – is becoming increasingly hot and arid. The grasses and plants that populate the area are drying out, ready to ignite a wandering spark.

“The Boulder region’s long-term drying and warming, largely due to human-induced climate change, means fuels are more ready to burn,” Meehl said. “If you get a 100 mile per hour Chinook wind event, it might not be as strong as an event in the 60s or 70s, but when the winds get so strong and you have to fire and dry fuels, you are at increased risk no matter what.

Wind can also contribute to the drying out of vegetation.

Wind leads to a lot more evaporation,” said Dr. Adam Mahood, who studies fire ecology and plant communities at CU. “When you add a little bit of temperature, it makes the fire danger even worse.

For Calderazzo, this means that everyone should be on alert for fires, wherever they are.

“If you know there’s a red flag day, it’s like knowing a hurricane is coming,” he said. “Prepare. Just be ready.

Get disaster preparedness tips from the Boulder Office of Emergency Management

— Shay’s Castle, @shayshinecastle

Help improve the Beat. Was there a perspective we missed or facts we didn’t consider? Email your thoughts to boulderbeatnews@gmail.com

Climate Rock Chinook boulder city climate change CPU Fire National Center for Atmospheric Research The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NCAR NOAA University of Colorado wind wind storm wind turbines

The amount of Texas in extreme drought conditions is the highest in a decade https://jacahuesca.com/the-amount-of-texas-in-extreme-drought-conditions-is-the-highest-in-a-decade/ Thu, 28 Apr 2022 15:40:00 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/the-amount-of-texas-in-extreme-drought-conditions-is-the-highest-in-a-decade/

Although parts of Texas received rainfall earlier in the month, that wasn’t enough to allay concerns about a prolonged, nearly statewide drought.

More than half of Texas was in a high drought phase as of April 19, and conditions have not improved since. That’s despite recent rainfall, according to the Texas Water Development Board’s weekly update.

“Unfortunately, in areas already affected by drought, the drought has intensified. The state’s area affected by extreme drought or worse has jumped to 54%, its highest value since February 2012, the agency said.

State climatologist John Nielsen-Gammon said the current pattern began in September. Total precipitation across Texas during this time was at least 50% below average.

“Almost none of the state [had] higher than normal rainfall during this period. In most states we are seeing less than three quarters of the normal amount. About a third of the state, or maybe 40% received, less than half,” Nielsen-Gammon said in an online presentation Wednesday. Additionally, he said large parts of West Texas “received less than a quarter of their normal amount of precipitation. When we talk about eight months – two thirds of the year – it is a very serious drought.[RL1]

It’s not just the lack of rain that is exacerbating the dry conditions, Nielsen-Gammon added.

“It has been relatively windy over the past month across Texas, which has enhanced evaporation when there has been water to evaporate,” he said. “Temperatures are also a potential concern, especially in the region where we see long-term warming.”

In the six-month period beginning in November 2021, most of the state was one to two degrees above normal. The current weather pattern is partly the result of La Niña conditions. La Niña is a climatic phenomenon in the Pacific that has an impact on the humidity or dryness of certain parts of the world. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA, said La Niña is bringing cooler weather to the eastern Pacific, which means fewer rain clouds and less precipitation for the southwestern United States.

“About two out of three winters, Texas has below normal precipitation during La Niña,” Nielsen-Gammon said.

Climate scientists are now looking to the next few months to see what relief, if any, Texas can expect.

“These next three months – the rest of April, May and June – look like they’ll be huge in terms of coming out of this drought,” said Victor Murphy, climate program manager for the National Weather Service’s southern region. “That’s when it should rain. And if it rains during the wettest time of the year, you’re usually in pretty good shape. So, honestly, there’s a lot to ride in the next two or three months. »

But Murphy added that some parts of the state typically see their wettest months a bit later in the year. These include El Paso and other areas of West Texas, where about half of all precipitation occurs in the summer. The Brownsville and Corpus Christi areas typically experience their peak rainfall from August through October.

An extended dry spell also means the Texas agricultural sector should prepare for the possibility of a lasting impact.

“More than 80% of the winter wheat crop in the state is classified as poor to very poor at this point, with the normal harvest season coming just a few months away,” Murphy said. “It’s going to be very difficult to recover a lot of that. Even irrigated crops cost money to irrigate, so the drier it gets, the more money you end up spending and it ends up becoming a money-losing proposition.