Oceanic climate – Jaca Huesca http://jacahuesca.com/ Mon, 26 Sep 2022 11:53:00 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://jacahuesca.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/cropped-icon-32x32.png Oceanic climate – Jaca Huesca http://jacahuesca.com/ 32 32 New lakes in Alaska release bubbles full of methane https://jacahuesca.com/new-lakes-in-alaska-release-bubbles-full-of-methane/ Mon, 26 Sep 2022 11:53:00 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/new-lakes-in-alaska-release-bubbles-full-of-methane/

The methane bubbles emerging from these newly formed lakes are caused by microbial activity.

The methane bubbles emerging from these newly formed lakes are caused by microbial activity.

New lakes are emerging in Alaska due to thawing permafrost and the release of methane, a greenhouse gas, into the atmosphere.

Big Trail Lake in Fairbanks, Alaska is one of those “thermokarst lakes” that has sprung up over the past 50 years and is constantly spouting methane-filled bubbles, according to a NASA blog post.

Permafrost is ground that remains frozen all year round. In Alaska, the permafrost also contains huge wedges of ice locked into the ground. When the ice melts, the ground surface collapses and forms a water-filled sinkhole, creating a thermokarst lake.

Katey Walter Anthony is a researcher collaborating with NASA’s Arctic Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE), a large-scale study of environmental change and its implications for social-ecological systems. She has studied the formation of thermokarst lakes and how the process influences Earth’s climate change.

“Lakes like Big Trail are new, they’re young, and they’re important because these lakes are what’s going to happen in the future,” she explained.

Read also | Changing Monsoon Patterns

The methane bubbles emerging from these newly formed lakes are caused by microbial activity. Microbes digest dead plants and organic matter from previously frozen soil, producing carbon dioxide and methane. Thawing permafrost can also form chimneys under the lake that allow gases like methane to escape from where they were trapped underground.

“At Big Trail Lake, it’s like opening your freezer door for the first time and giving all the food in your freezer to the germs to decompose. As they break it down, they spit out methane, says Walter Anthony.

A simple way to test if the lake is emitting old methane is to light a match near the gas sample taken from the lake. As a flammable gas, it will ignite easily until supply is maintained. Scientists use field measurements, collected samples and airborne radar data to estimate how much methane these lakes are releasing over a wide area.

Methane is the main contributor to the formation of ground-level ozone, a dangerous air pollutant. A potent greenhouse gas, it is 80 times more potent for warming than carbon dioxide over a 20-year period, according to a UNEP report. Although it has a much shorter atmospheric lifetime than carbon dioxide, methane has been responsible for 30% of the increase in global temperatures since the industrial revolution. In fact, it’s proliferating faster today than at any time since record keeping began in the 1980s, according to a study by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Recently formed in Alaska, these types of lakes are abundant in the Arctic. Some arctic lakes are hundreds or thousands of years old and the microbes in them no longer have permafrost organic matter to decompose. As a result, these older lakes do not release as much methane as newer ones in Alaska, such as Big Trail Lake.

“So what’s of concern for the future, when you think about permafrost carbon feedback, is the areas that have just thawed,” says Walter Anthony.

Tired of talking about climate change https://jacahuesca.com/tired-of-talking-about-climate-change/ Sat, 24 Sep 2022 06:00:00 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/tired-of-talking-about-climate-change/

— Governor Burgum’s meaningless proclamations that North Dakota would become “carbon neutral.” Is he still indebted to his billion-dollar benefactor, Bill Gates?

– Senator Hoeven’s pontificate over carbon sequestration credits that will be collected by big business to reduce corporate income tax; there will be no climatic effect.

– The Bismarck Tribune’s ridiculous “opinion” climate cartoons (7/25; 8/5) and disgusting Editorial Board editorial (7/9) attacking the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision on EPA (July 8 op-ed page cartoon shows Tribune’s lack of respect for the Supreme Court). The management/journalists of The Tribune blindly accept the lies of climate activists based on modeling with forced results rather than finding the real causes of climate change — Mother Nature (solar, volcanic and oceanic activity).

People also read…

– The insulting/erroneous chronicles of Bill Patrie (24/03; 09/06; 18/08). “Deliberately blinded”? Mr Patrie is one of many Democrats to drink climate change Kool-Aid from Presidential rejects, Al Gore and John Kerry (the world ends in 2030? NOT!) and not care about critical thinking/ the research. His June 9 column states that the use of charcoal “disfigures biological life” without any justification. He owes an apology to the directors, management and employees of the rural electricity generation and transmission cooperatives (Basin Electric Power, Minnkota Power and Great River Energy). These co-ops with their visionary directors have spent billions of dollars on pollution control equipment that dramatically reduces or eliminates real pollution (sulphur dioxide, nitrous oxide, mercury). These farmers and ranchers/business owners are exceptional stewards of the land. China builds coal-fired power plants without any pollution control – period!

– The many absurd letters from Lillian Bachmeier (08/31 at the latest). She documented her complete lack of knowledge about climate, capitalism and morality (the world is not all shades of grey; there is good and evil).


It’s time for the retirees’ siesta!

How this cyclone intensity estimation technique has saved millions of lives across continents https://jacahuesca.com/how-this-cyclone-intensity-estimation-technique-has-saved-millions-of-lives-across-continents/ Thu, 22 Sep 2022 07:23:56 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/how-this-cyclone-intensity-estimation-technique-has-saved-millions-of-lives-across-continents/ On Tuesday (September 20), American meteorologist Vernon Dvorak died at the age of 100. In the era of advanced satellite technologies, Machine Learning (ML), Artificial Intelligence (AI), this key technique, which bears his name, continues to be widely relied upon by forecasters to this day.

Who was Vernon Dvorak?

Dvorak was an American meteorologist credited with developing the Dvorak (read Do-rak) technique in the early 1970s. The technique has been updated several times since then, and after a recent software update in May this year, it was named Advanced Dvorak Technique (ADT), invented by the National Hurricane Center of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

The updated technique, US meteorologists had said, would improve tropical storm forecasts by several folds as they would have access to sharper and more detailed images than ever before.

Dvorak was educated at the University of California, Los Angeles. His master’s thesis in 1966 was titled “An Investigation of the Cloud Inversion Regime Over Subtropical Waters West of California”. He has worked with NOAA’s National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service.

This tool, experts say, cannot help make predictions, measure wind or pressure or any other meteorological parameters associated with the cyclone. (Express)

He received the Meritorious Service Award from the United States Department of Commerce in 1972. In 2002, he received a Special Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Weather Association.

What is the Dvorak technique?

It was first developed in 1969 and tested for storm watching in the northwest Pacific Ocean. Forecasters used available satellite imagery obtained from polar-orbiting satellites to examine the characteristics of developing tropical storms (hurricanes, cyclones and typhoons). During the day, images in the visible spectrum were used while at night, the ocean was observed using infrared images.

The Dvorak technique, considered one of the greatest meteorological innovations, has seen several advances since its inception. (Express)

The Dvorak technique was a cloud shape recognition technique based on a conceptual model of tropical cyclone development and decay, according to a 2006 research paper published in the Journal of the American Meteorological Society.

“From the satellite images thus obtained, the Dvorak technique helps forecasters to make pattern recognition from the observed structure of the storm, locate its eye and estimate the intensity of the storm,” said Umasankar Das. , a scientist at the Indian Meteorological Department Center in Bhubaneshwar.

Using this statistical technique, scientists are able to measure the configuration of the convective clouds of the cyclone – curved bands, eye and dense or cold central region and shear. It is the Dvorak technique that gives the best estimates of the intensity of the cyclone, an essential element when issuing weather warnings.

This tool, experts say, cannot help make predictions, measure wind or pressure or any other meteorological parameters associated with the cyclone. But it is a guide to estimating the intensity and possible intensification of the storm – which is crucial for local government in planning evacuation measures for nearby coastal residents or others.

The seasoned meteorologist had also presented the wind speed and associated category of the tropical cyclone, making it an almost perfect tool for operational cyclone forecasters.

Why is the technique still widely used?

Unlike land, ocean sightings in the 1970s were rare.

Today, there is still an improved network of terrestrial weather observations, either in the form of manual observations or by installing automatic weather stations or automatic rain gauges. On the other hand, oceanic observations are still limited. There are many large regions across the four oceans that have not been fully examined with meteorological instruments. Oceanic observations are mainly carried out by the deployment of buoys or dedicated ships, but the number of observations from the seas is still not sufficient throughout the world.

This is why meteorologists have had to rely more on satellite images and combine them with available ocean data when predicting the intensity and wind speed of tropical cyclones.

The Dvorak technique, considered one of the greatest meteorological innovations, has seen several advances since its inception. Even today, when forecasters have access to several advanced tools like model guidance, animations, artificial intelligence, machine learning, and satellite technology, these are the advanced versions of the 50-year-old technique. years that continue to be widely used. It has saved the lives of millions of people around the world and will continue to do so.

2022 Mid-Season Hurricane Season Update https://jacahuesca.com/2022-mid-season-hurricane-season-update/ Tue, 20 Sep 2022 15:06:00 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/2022-mid-season-hurricane-season-update/

2022 Mid-Season Hurricane Season Update

In the middle of hurricane season, we now have our first major hurricane in the Atlantic Ocean

This year, 2022, was the first hurricane season since 1997 in which no tropical cyclone formed in August, and the first hurricane season on record to do so in a La Niña year. La Niña impacts the global climate and disrupts normal weather patterns. This disturbance can lead to intense storms in some places and droughts in others. Tropical cyclogenesis, aka tropical climate formation, was suppressed in the basin for several weeks by a combination of high wind shear, drier air, and the presence of the Saharan air layer (coastal region dust African). As a result, it was the first season since 1997 in which no tropical cyclone formed in August, and the first season on record to do so in a La Niña year. Fiona reached Category 3 level on September 20, making it the first major hurricane of the 2022 Atlantic hurricane season. Although Hurricane Fiona is not a threat to Florida, Gulf States or the rest of the United States, the country’s east coast could feel ocean swells and see widespread coastal erosion. Planet Earth experienced its sixth warmest August on record, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Water has a very high heat content. Water takes time to warm up and cool down, so although the atmosphere and timing may enter the fall, the Atlantic Ocean is only getting warmer.

This year, 2022, was the first hurricane season since 1997 in which no tropical cyclone formed in August, and the first hurricane season on record to do so in a La Niña year. La Niña impacts the global climate and disrupts normal weather patterns. This disturbance can lead to intense storms in some places and droughts in others. Tropical cyclogenesis, aka tropical climate formation, was suppressed in the basin for several weeks by a combination of high wind shear, drier air, and the presence of the Saharan air layer (coastal region dust African). As a result, it was the first season since 1997 in which no tropical cyclone formed in August, and the first season on record to do so in a La Niña year.

NOAA: Earth & Ocean Temperature Percentiles 2022

Property of HearstNOAA

2022 land and ocean temperature percentiles

Fiona reached Category 3 level on September 20, making it the first major hurricane of the 2022 Atlantic hurricane season. Although Hurricane Fiona is not a threat to Florida, Gulf States or the rest of the United States, the country’s east coast could feel ocean swells and see widespread coastal erosion.

List of tropical weather feature names

Property of HearstWVTM 13

Names of storms 2022

Planet Earth experienced its sixth warmest August on record, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Water has a very high heat content. Water takes time to warm up and cool down, so although the atmosphere and timing may enter the fall, the Atlantic Ocean is only getting warmer.

Turtle Conservation Efforts… | Local company https://jacahuesca.com/turtle-conservation-efforts-local-company/ Sun, 18 Sep 2022 23:43:00 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/turtle-conservation-efforts-local-company/

Age of Union Alliance, a Canadian non-profit organization, donated US$1.5 million over five years to Nature Seekers, which focuses on the conservation and protection of sea turtles.

This will be the largest private donation in Nature Seekers history.

Age of Union Alliance is led by tech leader and environmental activist Dax Dasilva.

Dasilva told the Express from his Montreal home last week that the alliance looks for new conservation projects every year.

Nature Seekers, from the village of Matura, were chosen because they have made a difference in preserving one of the world’s last major leatherback turtle nesting sites, Dasilva said.

“When I met Suzan Baptiste, Executive Director of Nature Seekers, I was incredibly inspired by her determination and persistence in helping to move this coastal community in Trinidad from turtle poaching to turtle conservation.

“We hope that with the help of Age of Union, Nature Seekers will now be better equipped to protect these beautiful endangered turtles who, through their incredible migratory journeys, also have ties to Canada,” said Dasilva.

Dax Dasilva said the funds will allow Nature Seekers to patrol and protect nesting sites throughout the annual season to maintain or increase the survival rate of adult and hatchling leatherback turtles.

“New drone technology will now expand their capabilities. Collect data during the nesting season to better understand the physical health of the nesting population and monitor the inter-nesting movements and migration of satellite-tagged turtles. This work is done in partnership with Dr. Michael James of Fisheries and Oceans Canada and the Canadian Sea Turtle Network, he said.

The funds, Dasilva said, will help collect data and assess the potential impacts of climate change on the turtle population at the Matura nesting site, as well as create climate adaptation and mitigation plans. .

He said the funds will also be used to design and deploy artificial hatcheries to promote the survival of at-risk nests and enable the collection of new data sets.

Suzan Baptiste, Managing Director of Nature Seekers, said, “We couldn’t be more grateful for this generous gift from Age of Union. Leatherback sea turtles are recognized as a keystone species, and their disappearance could have global consequences for our oceans and their ecosystems. Now, with the help of Age of Union, these turtles have an incredible chance of survival.

This is the ninth conservation project announced by Age of Union in less than a year after Dasilva’s initial commitment of $40 million.

Nature Seekers’ funding also aligns with Age of Union’s world premiere of its short documentary “Caught” in Toronto on the evening of September 12.

In partnership with Sea Shepherd, the film reveals the shocking consequences of industrial fishing and overconsumption, depleting ocean ecosystems, with a particular focus on dolphin bycatch off the coast of France.

Experts say marine heatwaves are a ‘very big concern’ https://jacahuesca.com/experts-say-marine-heatwaves-are-a-very-big-concern/ Fri, 16 Sep 2022 22:10:33 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/experts-say-marine-heatwaves-are-a-very-big-concern/

Caused by climate change, marine heat waves have affected aquatic life. Research observes an increase in surface temperature, migration of species and unusual patterns in the ocean.

Whatever happens there means a pressing concern exacerbated by environmental issues.

Scientists use the term blob as a phenomenon showing marine heat waves. According to National Geographic, ocean heat waves are abnormally hot high temperatures that can last for at least five days, weeks or months.

Additionally, oceanographer Hillary Scannell told National Geographic that marine heatwaves are a big concern with increasing frequency and intensity.

Sea heat

Photo by Lukasz Larsson Warzecha/Getty Images

In late 2013, National Geographic said the waters had begun to warm in the Gulf of Alaska. Experts have noticed that sea temperatures have risen by an average of 5 degrees Fahrenheit in just a few months, and in other places by up to 7 Fahrenheit.

In mid-2014, the report added that the increase in surface temperature was affecting the ocean area more than 500 miles across and 300 feet deep.

Moreover, it also damaged the marine animals in the area. Reports show that plankton and krill numbers have declined, starving sea lions and many seabirds have died. This is one of the many effects of climate on the food chain.

Read also : World’s largest container line reroutes ships to avoid harming endangered blue whales

As a result, National Geographic said a group of 15 ocean experts met in Perth following a warming event from 2010 to 2011. It says waters in western Australia reached 11 degrees Fahrenheit, causing concern for scientists resulting in the death of huge swathes. and animals.

National Geographic explained that the growing study underscores growing marine heat wave concerns.

According to Eric Oliver of Dalhousie University in Canada, the term marine heat wave was first used in 2010 and 2011. He added that he could no longer keep up with many articles on marine heat wave.

Reports show that countries affected by marine heat waves:

  • New Zealand in 2021 and 2022 was hit with the highest ocean temperatures in the country, affecting millions of sponges.
  • IN 2016, Chile experienced a sea heat wave that caused devastating algal blooms for fish farms.

The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution said the oceans have warmed about 1.7 Fahrenheit since 1901. She explained that the ocean absorbs 90% of the excess heat added to the atmosphere and is exacerbated by burning fossil fuels and other environmental problems.

Warming oceans can affect the marine environment. Additionally, rising global temperatures may melt the glacier below, causing sea levels to rise.

the blob

NOAA Fisheries in the Rise and Fall of the blob explained that their team noticed that:

  • Fish expected to spawn in mid-summer have started to appear in winter off Oregon;
  • Salmon migration has changed;
  • Subtropical species have appeared thousands of kilometers from their typical range.
  • Scientists have concluded that warming waters are causing a new migration of turtles from the central Pacific.

The study noted that the drop warmed the waters as worse or more powerful than El Nino.

Related article: Six climate tipping points that could trigger a climate emergency

For more similar stories, be sure to follow News from the world of nature.

© 2022 NatureWorldNews.com All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.

DeepVerge PLC named for ‘world’s first’ salt marsh carbon project in US https://jacahuesca.com/deepverge-plc-named-for-worlds-first-salt-marsh-carbon-project-in-us/ Tue, 13 Sep 2022 06:58:00 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/deepverge-plc-named-for-worlds-first-salt-marsh-carbon-project-in-us/

DeepVerge has been awarded a two-year environmental monitoring and remediation contract with environmental technology company MotherSea for its Blue Carbon Resilience project.

Focused on the Georgia and South Carolina coasts, the contract is worth a total of £2.4 million and will be conducted at several salt marsh sites owned and managed by the Georgia Ports Authority and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Development work on this project has been underway since the first half of the year, DeepVerge said, and payment for microbiome testing and software license fees will occur this fiscal year.

Works revenue will be split between £0.8m in the current financial year and £1.6m in 2023.

DeepVerge added that several of its divisions are involved, from Labskin providing environmental microbiome analysis; monitoring and membrane technology and equipment from Modern Water and software analytics and AI from Rinocloud.

Gerard Brandon, CEO of DeepVerge, said, “This is the largest deployment of our EcowaterOS initiative, which launched in February 2020 and envisioned a comprehensive solution for managing an aquatic ecosystem.

“The planet’s ability to sequester carbon is part of its survival and the Blue Carbon Resilience project is a giant leap in creating a comprehensive solution for monitoring a complex ecosystem to empirically prove its ability to sequester carbon. .”

Ross Walker MotherSea’s Chief Operating Officer, added: “This is a groundbreaking project. A world first, which will set new standards and methodologies for vital salt marsh habitats.

“The approach being deployed is fully scalable to over 13 million acres internationally and is supported by many leading organizations in marine climate affirmative action.”

As Kay’s remains drift away from the California coast, persistent rain helps fight raging wildfires https://jacahuesca.com/as-kays-remains-drift-away-from-the-california-coast-persistent-rain-helps-fight-raging-wildfires/ Sun, 11 Sep 2022 07:32:00 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/as-kays-remains-drift-away-from-the-california-coast-persistent-rain-helps-fight-raging-wildfires/ In the Golden State, residents saw both rainfall and record heat in the same week as what was once Tropical Storm Kay made a rare close pass in California following a wave of prolonged heat.
San Diego received 0.61 inches of rain Friday, breaking a previous daily rainfall record of 0.09 inches set in 1976. More than 5 inches of rain was recorded over two days in San Diego County’s Mount Laguna, according to the National Weather Service.
“Believe it or not, rainfall is abnormal this time of year,” Los Angeles Weather Services officials said. saidadding that rainfall records were broken in downtown Los Angeles, Burbank, Los Angeles International Airport and Long Beach Airport.

According to CNN meteorologist Derek Van Dam, Kay has weakened from the strength of its tropical storm that hit the United States, after arriving in Mexico as a Category 1 hurricane on Thursday.

The remnants of the storm – which began moving away from Southern California on Saturday – could bring further thunderstorms and flooding to the region on Sunday as the system moves away from the Pacific coast. Heavy showers were especially possible in inland valleys and mountains on Sunday.

The downgraded storm system still measured sustained winds of 40 mph, worrying officials handling the Fairview Fire in Southern California’s Riverside County. But the moisture from the storm ended up helping in the firefight.

Fairview firefighting crews were able to contain the 28,307-acre blaze to 43% – thanks to ample humidity, some rainfall and cooler temperatures. The raging fire, which broke out on Monday, killed two civilians and injured a third, forced thousands to evacuate and destroyed 30 buildings.
“With the recent arrival of rains, the drought-stricken area not only received much needed rainfall, but also assisted firefighters by slowing the spread of the Fairview Fire,” Cal Fire said. said Friday.

On Saturday, three people were injured when a helicopter assigned to the Fairview fire crashed into a residential yard while trying to land at a local airport, according to the Federal Aviation Administration.

A pilot and two firefighters who were on board the helicopter were taken to an area trauma center for further evaluation, Cal Fire said.

Caltrans workers remove a fallen tree in San Diego on Friday.
To the north, cooler temperatures were also a welcome relief for crews battling the Mosquito Fire, which had consumed 37,326 acres Saturday night as it burned in El Dorado and Placer counties. However, high winds continued to spread the fire to the north and northeast, firefighters said. said.

Meanwhile, wildfires were also engulfing large areas of dry vegetation in neighboring Oregon and Idaho, where firefighters were dealing with hotter, drier conditions.

The Cedar Creek Fire in Oregon has so far burned 74,420 acres and is only 12% contained, amid persistent severe weather Saturday. The blaze is expected to worsen overnight as the region experiences hot, dry conditions and strong easterly winds, according to fire authorities.
Hot, dry and unstable conditions could also increase fire behavior for Idaho’s Moose Fire, which has currently burned 125,993 acres and is 37% contained, fire officials said.

Summer temperatures break records

While the West experiences record heat, the nation as a whole faces a particularly hot summer.

The average August temperature in the United States was 74.6 degrees, 2.5 degrees above average, making it the eighth hottest August on record. The month was also marked by several extreme rainfall events that resulted in historic flooding, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Overall, it was also the third hottest weather summer on record in the United States, according to NOAA.

Hurricane that just made landfall in Mexico triggers flooding issues in parts of Southern California

California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon and Washington ranked the hottest on record for August nighttime temperatures.

Meanwhile, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Texas all experienced their second hottest summer on record.

September was no different.

Temperature records have been broken across the West over the past week, including in Sacramentowhich hit an all-time high of 116 degrees on Tuesday.
“This will be essentially the worst September heat wave on record, certainly in northern California and arguably for the state as a whole,” UCLA climatologist Daniel Swain said Tuesday during a a discussion on Twitter Spaces. “By some metrics, this could be one of the worst heat waves on record, period, in a month, given its extreme duration and magnitude.”

The climate crisis is increasing the size of heat domes and has increased the frequency, intensity and duration of heat waves, he said.

CNN’s Tina Burnside contributed to this report.

Below normal typhoon activity expected for remainder of 2022 | New https://jacahuesca.com/below-normal-typhoon-activity-expected-for-remainder-of-2022-new/ Wed, 07 Sep 2022 04:30:00 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/below-normal-typhoon-activity-expected-for-remainder-of-2022-new/

Below normal tropical cyclone activity is expected in the region for the rest of the year.

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s 2022 Tropical Cyclone Outlook update, Guam, Rota, Saipan and Tinian could be affected by two or three named storms, those that reach at least tropical storm status with winds of 39 mph. or more. One or two could be typhoons with winds of 74 mph or more. We could be a major storm.

The outlook covers Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, the Federated States of Micronesia and the Marshall Islands. This is a general guide to overall tropical cyclone activity across Micronesia and does not indicate how many systems will actually make landfall.

However, the outlook gives a general idea of ​​the number of tropical storms and typhoons that could affect a specific island or group of islands across Micronesia, with strong and damaging winds, heavy rains and storm surges.

the girl

Below normal activity would be consistent with ongoing La Niña conditions through the end of 2022, according to NOAA.

The report was provided as an update to the May 26 outlook, which discussed the possible transition from a La Niña state to an El Niño-Southern Oscillation-Neutral state by the fall.

Now, Columbia University’s International Institute for Climate and Society and the National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center expect a continuation of La Niña conditions through the end of the year.

Islands affected

Yap and Palau could be hit by three or four named storms, with one or two turning into typhoons.

Parts of Chuuk north of 6 degrees latitude could see two or three storms, with one or two turning into typhoons. Parts of Chuuk south of 6 degrees latitude, as well as all of Kosrae, Pohnpei and the Northern Islands, could experience one or two named storms, with no typhoons or with a typhoon.

In the Marshall Islands, one or two named storms are expected, with either no typhoon or a typhoon.

Algo: Protect our VIP, Verde Island Passage https://jacahuesca.com/algo-protect-our-vip-verde-island-passage/ Mon, 05 Sep 2022 05:19:09 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/algo-protect-our-vip-verde-island-passage/

To say that the Philippines is one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots is an understatement. We know some of the famous species of plants and animals that are found only in our country. Many of us have seen some of the ecosystems that add to the natural beauty of our country. Sadly, we know all too well the decline in biodiversity of our lands and waters due to many threats.

One of the most important areas that exemplify all of this is the Verde Island Passage (VIP), known as the “Center of the Center for Marine Biodiversity”.

“The Amazon of the Oceans”

Covering an area of ​​1.14 million hectares, the VIP is a strait surrounded by Batangas, Marinduque, Occidental Mindoro, Oriental Mindoro and Romblon. It is home to 60 percent of all known shore fish species in the world. Its waters are home to more than 300 species of coral, 1,700 species of fish, and thousands of other marine organisms such as whale sharks and sea slugs.

Scientists say VIP’s rich biodiversity is partly a result of the Philippines’ geographical position, being at the overlap of the Indian and Pacific Oceans and spanning a long latitudinal distance that includes many marine species. In its geologic history, sea surface temperatures were relatively stable and ocean currents were strong, allowing unique ocean life to thrive.

The VIP is considered the center of biodiversity of the Coral Triangle, one of the eight major coral reef areas in the world. This strait also offers many popular dive sites that allow visitors to see underwater creatures, coral reef formations, rocky canyons, and other sites that only enhance their appreciation of marine life.

Neighboring communities also benefit from the goods and services made possible by the region’s coastal and marine habitats, effectively supporting over seven million people. Its coral reefs provide breeding grounds for fish species that form the backbone of the livelihoods of 31 coastal municipalities and two nearby towns. Ecotourism is also an important part of the local economy through activities such as diving, especially in Batangas.

The ecosystems and biodiversity of the VIP also serve as natural barriers reducing the risks of possible storm surges and sea level rise. In the age of climate emergency, the capacity of mangroves, wetlands, seagrass and other seagrasses to store carbon dioxide is essential to slow warming and avoid more catastrophic impacts, especially in vulnerable communities.

Threats, old and new

Despite its ecological importance, the VIP is no stranger to the same human-made threats faced by other key biodiversity areas in the Philippines. These threats include agrochemical pollution of its waters, garbage from residential areas, negligent tourism practices, destructive industrial activities and harmful fishing practices, and coral bleaching exacerbated by climate change.

The discharge of waste into its waters is a serious concern. As a busy passage for ships traveling to the ports of Batangas, Manila and Subic Bay, commercial vessels release various pollutants into the waters, exposing communities and ecosystems to harmful substances. Corals in the area could also be damaged by large anchored ships in stormy weather. Domestic sewage and urban waste can also be discharged into the ocean without any appropriate intervention.

In this regard, local authorities need to devise mechanisms to regulate and monitor such discharges of waste into the VIP. Priority actions include educating coastal neighborhoods, shipping lines, neighboring industries and upstream farming communities about the urgency and importance of conservation in this region and the actions they can take to avoid harm him.

Along with all of these issues, there is yet another emerging threat in the region that local stakeholders need to pay attention to: the expansion of the natural gas industry.

Proposals have emerged for the construction of eight new gas-fired power plants and seven new liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals near the VIP. These aim to address the Philippines’ energy security concerns, with proponents claiming that natural gas is an ideal “transition fuel” between coal and renewables.

However, natural gas is also a fossil fuel along with coal and oil, the combustion of which is already recognized by scientists around the world as the main cause of global warming and climate change, which in turn impacts the VIP himself. Our country would probably have to import natural gas like it does coal, which could lead to even higher electricity prices.

Additionally, the construction of pipelines and other infrastructure needed to make these facilities operational directly threatens biodiversity, posing risks to the economic, environmental and social well-being of residents. This potentially poses even more danger to many already endangered species such as sea turtles, groupers, humphead wrasse and giant clams.

The VIP is not just another biodiversity hotspot that gives tourists Instagram-worthy photos and fond memories. It is important to the lives of millions of Filipinos and countless creatures in its waters. Its well-being is also relevant to issues of energy security, climate action and local economic development.

As everything in nature is interconnected, the decline of this region could have adverse effects years from now without us even knowing it. Why risk it? Why wait? Isn’t prevention better than cure?

It is high time our generation learned from the mistakes of the past. We must protect this very important paradise. We have to protect the VIPs… Verde Island Passage.


John Leo is Deputy Executive Director of Programs and Campaigns for Living Laudato Si’ Philippines and a member of the Protect Verde Island Passage Campaign. He has been a climate and environment journalist since 2016.