covid pandemic – Jaca Huesca http://jacahuesca.com/ Tue, 19 Apr 2022 09:42:58 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://jacahuesca.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/cropped-icon-32x32.png covid pandemic – Jaca Huesca http://jacahuesca.com/ 32 32 Holidays in Turkey: Latest test and vaccine rules for Britons in full | Travel News | Travel https://jacahuesca.com/holidays-in-turkey-latest-test-and-vaccine-rules-for-britons-in-full-travel-news-travel/ Tue, 15 Mar 2022 15:13:00 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/holidays-in-turkey-latest-test-and-vaccine-rules-for-britons-in-full-travel-news-travel/

Before the coronavirus hit, Turkey attracted an average of 2.29 million British tourists in 2019 alone. Now that many of its Covid entry rules have been scrapped, it looks like holiday-hungry Brits are eager to come back.

According to travel fund provider FairFX, spot sales of Turkish liras doubled between January and February and continue to rise in March.

Travel money manager Jack Mitchell said: “We have seen an increase in spot sales of the Turkish lira, with sales doubling between January and February and continuing to increase so far in March, this which suggests it’s a hotspot for Britons heading for the Easter holiday.

“Removing the latest UK Covid travel restrictions will be the confidence boost vaccinated travelers need to plan long-awaited trips.

“And with countries in Europe and around the world continuing to ease their restrictions, travelers have a wealth of vacation destination choices that we haven’t seen since the start of 2020.”

Although the UK has gotten rid of travel restrictions for fully vaccinated travellers, Turkey has introduced its own specific entry requirements.

READ MORE: Ryanair hand baggage policy – cabin bags

Fully vaccinated passengers will not need to pay or arrange their own Covid test to travel, nor face quarantine.

However, they must be able to prove that they received both doses of a two-dose vaccine or one dose of a single-dose vaccine.

The FCDO states: “At least 14 days must have passed since your second dose of vaccine and the vaccine must be approved by the Turkish Ministry of Health or the World Health Organization.”

Turkey will accept UK proof of recovery and vaccination against COVID-19 and proof of vaccination against COVID-19 issued in the Crown Dependencies.

Have you ever visited Turkey? Join the conversation in the comments section below

What Covid measures are in place in Turkey?

Some coronavirus measures remain in place and the FCDO warns restrictions may change “in the short term”.

The government travel authority says: “No trip is without risk during the COVID pandemic. Countries may further restrict travel or introduce new rules at short notice, for example, due to a new COVID variant -19. Check with your travel agency or airline for any changes in transportation that may delay your return journey.”

Britons are advised to ensure they can access cash if their stay is unexpectedly extended, to have adequate insurance in place and to make arrangements to stay in the county longer than planned if necessary.

The FCDO states: “Wearing a mask is compulsory at all times outside the home throughout Turkey.

“This includes, but is not limited to, all public places, including streets, side streets, parks, gardens, picnic areas, markets, seaside and public transport , including metro, buses, taxis and ferries.

“Masks are also mandatory in all shops, restaurants, hairdressers and hair salons.”

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Insight – Bad banks doing good quietly https://jacahuesca.com/insight-bad-banks-doing-good-quietly/ Fri, 11 Feb 2022 00:30:45 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/insight-bad-banks-doing-good-quietly/

ASK investors if they like European bank stocks and for years you’ve probably heard: No, nein or no. Finally, things are changing.

BNP Paribas SA of France, Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria (BBVA)SA of Spain and UniCredit SpA of Italy are among those that announced strong results for 2021 this month and started returning billions of euros of capital to shareholders.

With interest rates set to rise, they should also start making money from regular loans.

Stock prices have already rebounded.

Banco Santander SA, one of the worst stocks of major European banks, has risen by a fifth in the past 12 months.

Societe Generale SA more than doubled. The Euro Stoxx Banks index rose by 50%.

But there are likely more gains to come: valuations are still very low, especially relative to US peers.

For a long time, many investors watched the mismatch and saw it as a value trap – European banks were cheap for a reason: earnings weren’t going to improve anytime soon.

Negative interest rates, high costs and seemingly irremovable piles of bad debt added up to a bad proposition.

Now, it is true that return on equity forecasts are still below 10% for the next two years at many eurozone banks, which is roughly the level generally assumed to be the cost of capital for a bank or the returns shareholders should expect.

By comparison, JPMorgan Chase & Co achieved a return on equity of 19% for 2021, while Swiss bank UBS AG achieved a return of nearly 13%.

Yet the shares of many European banks are trading at a steeper discount to expected book value than expected returns would suggest. Another way to look at valuations is as a multiple of earnings.

Earnings expectations have jumped faster than stock prices in recent months as interest rate hikes become more likely.

Price/earnings multiples fell even as bank stocks rallied.

For example, look at Deutsche Bank AG: it may still have a lot to prove to investors, but many are clearly unaware of better earnings expectations: the German bank is trading at half the earnings multiple it had last March .

As life returns to normal following the Covid pandemic, lending is expected to pick up again.

Banks are expected to derive more revenue from their core business as the European Central Bank (ECB) finally moves away from its long history of negative rates. But that’s only part of what makes life better.

They repaired their balance sheets by getting rid of bad debts and cutting costs.

UniCredit is a poster child for this effort.

In 2017, the Italian bank raised about US$14 billion (RM56 billion) from shareholders to help solve its problems. Now it has pledged to return more than US$18 billion (RM75.3 billion) to investors in dividends and share buybacks by 2024, including US$4.3 billion (RM18 billion). of RM) this year. BBVA is buying back billions of shares and BNP will too. so once it has finalized the sale of BancWest, its American business.

Regulators have finished raising European capital requirements and banks are now all ahead of what they need to be, some by a long way.

In European and UK banks, capital returns to shareholders over the next two years could amount to more than 130 billion euros ($148 billion or RM619.4 billion), according to analysts at Bank of America.

Beyond loans, banks have been forced to find other sources of income by the long years of negative interest rates.

They collect more fees for things like wealth and asset management or insurance, which increases profits even before rates rise.

Of course, there are risks. Investors still remember the catastrophic loop that tied the fates of over-indebted European governments and weak banks into a highly destructive, self-perpetuating tangle.

Italy suffered particularly from the debt crisis of ten years ago.

These issues have not been completely resolved, but they have been diluted considerably.

Italian banks still hold plenty of Italian government bonds, but the ECB holds more and is not about to start selling any.

As the central bank changes its monetary policy to contain inflation, the ECB will be watching closely the very large difference between the government bond yields of Germany and more indebted countries like Italy or Spain.

The ECB has also supported banks by paying them both to borrow money under its targeted long-term repo operations and to deposit a large part of it at the ECB.

This policy will end, but banks should replace it with normal loan income and with better margins.

Bad debts could also return if or when European economies slow down, but there too there have been reforms, particularly in Italy where a sluggish bankruptcy regime has made bad debts harder to move.

As long as the changes are fully implemented, it will be much easier and faster for Italian companies to restructure their debts when they start to struggle.

In the past, the only choice was the bankruptcy court, which depending on where you were in Italy, could take over a decade to reach a conclusion.

Eurozone banks aren’t about to top the returns of their US rivals, but they are crawling out of the quagmire of the past decade. It’s time to start looking at their valuations more as an opportunity than a trap. —Bloomberg

Paul J. Davies is a Bloomberg Opinion columnist covering banking and finance. The opinions expressed here are those of the author.

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Top sustainability trends for 2022, greening air travel and discussing plant-based diets https://jacahuesca.com/top-sustainability-trends-for-2022-greening-air-travel-and-discussing-plant-based-diets/ Sat, 15 Jan 2022 13:00:00 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/top-sustainability-trends-for-2022-greening-air-travel-and-discussing-plant-based-diets/

This week current climate, which every Saturday brings you a balanced view of the news of sustainable development. Sign up to receive it in your inbox every week.

The World Economic Forum has once again postponed its annual event in Davos, Switzerland, due to the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic, but its 2022 annual Global Risks Report has been released as scheduled. The report draws on the insights of more than 1,000 academic, business, government, civil society and thought leaders, as well as 12,000 national leaders, on their perception of risk in the short, medium and long term. Risks associated with climate change, such as ‘extreme weather’ and ‘failure of climate action’, dominate short-, medium- and long-term concerns. The latter is also cited as one of the risks that has worsened since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, with the erosion of social cohesion and livelihood crises.

The report is not light or fun reading, but knowledge is power and only awareness of the risks we face can help us avoid them (as a certain movie says, “look up!”). Other stories I’m highlighting this week include the energy forecast for 2022, Denmark’s commitment to make domestic flights fossil-free by 2030, and how best to prepare a business for climate stress testing.

In Climate Talks, to tag ‘Veganuary’, I spoke to Richard Waite, senior research associate at the World Resource Institute, about how a plant-based diet can impact carbon emissions from agriculture .

To get Current Climate delivered to your inbox every Saturday, sign up here.


2022 Energy Predictions: Coal Decline Accelerates, Fed Funds Boost Clean Energy, Millions of New Electric Vehicles and Chargers

Five leading policy experts shared their predictions for the year ahead, including accelerating coal decline, federal investments driving clean energy adoption and grid expansion, and millions of electric vehicles on the streets. American roads to help electric vehicle chargers become a new class of investment.


Progress

Danish Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen announced her intention to make domestic flights without fossil energy by 2030. Some experts believe this is an achievable goal.

A bill proposed in the New York State would require mega-brands to increase the transparency of their supply chains and their social impact.

Asia’s richest businessman Mukesh Ambani has signed a memorandum of understanding with the Indian state government of Gujarat to invest $80 billion in green projects, which, if realized, would allow the state to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2035.

Challenges

California is considering changing its net metering rules this would dramatically increase the time it takes for solar panel installations to provide a return on investment and would have a profound impact on the solar energy and storage markets, as well as carbon reduction targets.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) estimated that natural disasters cost US$145 billion in 2021, the third highest Invoice checked in after 2017 and 2005.

At the current rate, the Earth will have warmed by 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial times in 2033— a level of warming that experts hoped would not see this century.


Climate stress testing is here: 4 ways your business can prepare

As climate has become a widely recognized financial risk, supervisors are creating climate stress tests to better understand the magnitude and nature of climate risk.


Climate Talks

Richard Waite is Senior Research Associate, Food Program, at the World Resource Institute. As more and more people choose to start the year by trying a vegan diet, an initiative known as Veganuary, I spoke to Waite about how a plant-based diet can impact your carbon emissions from agriculture.

Agriculture contributes more than a quarter of total global greenhouse gas emissions. What are the main drivers of emissions in this sector?

Agriculture causes greenhouse gas emissions in two main ways. The first is through the agricultural production process itself – emissions that occur on farms like cow burps or nitrous oxide emissions from fertilizer use, or methane emissions from rice paddies. , and emissions that come from the production of agricultural inputs, such as the production of fertilizers. And then the other category is emissions due to land use change, deforestation. Agriculture is the main historic and current driver of deforestation, and tropical deforestation continues. Some people watch the food too [once it] goes to landfills, rots and [emits] methane, and then you’re up to about a third of the total greenhouse gas emissions.

Livestock farming accounts for about two-thirds of agricultural production. Emissions and animal agriculture account for about three-quarters of agricultural land use, so it’s a big contributor to both of these emission sources. In the United States, more than 80% of the emissions from our agricultural production are related to animal agriculture, and nearly half of those come from beef alone. High emissions from land use for animal agriculture pose a challenge, as the world is likely to add another two billion more people by 2050. But at the same time, we need to stop deforestation. We must bring greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050. Thus, meat-rich diets make it more difficult to balance food security and global environmental goals. Another thing to also think about is the differential impacts of food. If you look at per gram of protein, beef takes up about seven times the land, and its production emits seven times more greenhouse gases than chicken production, and 20 times the land and greenhouse gas emissions. greenhouse as beans per gram of protein.

What you describe is a complex and challenging picture. Whenever people ask “what can I do to stop climate change“, switching to a plant-based diet is usually one of the top answers, but is a change in consumer demand enough? to push carbon reduction in the sector?

The challenge of feeding 10 billion people and meeting these global environmental goals is so great that you don’t want to put all your eggs in one basket – forgive the food pun. We must continue to improve agriculture as much as possible, and that includes animal husbandry. We also need to look at consumption patterns. When you think about what an individual can do, there are usually two things. If you eat a lot of meat and especially beef, switching to a plant-based diet doesn’t mean you have to go vegan or vegetarian. For example, we looked at a scenario where everyone in the north of the world reduced their beef consumption to no more than one and a half burgers per person per week. This has reduced emissions and land demand so much that it has made it possible to feed 10 billion people without further deforestation. So it’s a potentially quite powerful solution. Then the other thing is to minimize food waste, as more than a third of all the food produced in the world is lost or wasted between farm and landfill.

As with any climate solution, it is not enough for the individuals concerned to change their consumption habits. These are the decisions that businesses and governments make. We have an initiative called Cool Food where we work with foodservice companies that commit to reducing their food-related emissions by 25% by 2030 by serving more delicious, climate-friendly food. We help them measure their greenhouse gas footprint over time and bring insights from behavioral science to ensure the change they make will satisfy consumers. We have seen some really exciting progress as they have already been able to reduce their emissions per plate by 16% through 2020.

In terms of reducing carbon emissions, is it enough to switch from a beef burger to a vegetable burger in a fast food chain or do we need to rethink the way we eat globally?

There’s no silver bullet, but there are a lot of things that push things in the right direction. Different consumers will likely be interested in different things. Some people who really like meat [will enjoy] those products that mimic the taste and texture of meat, but at a much lower impact, others may consume more beans and fruits and vegetables and whole grains and so on. And some would say both. At the societal level, it all adds up.

What do consumers looking to shift to more sustainable food consumption need to keep in mind when shopping and eating out, and can carbon labels be effective in supporting these decisions?

Two basic rules are: minimize the food you waste and adopt a more plant-centered diet, not necessarily vegan or vegetarian. Hopefully in the future we can have credible carbon labeling. But consumers are already bombarded with too much information when they go to the store, which adds complicated eco-labels. [might not] change things too much. As part of the Cool Food initiative that I mentioned, in 2020 we launched the school meals program. It’s a small badge that says “cool food meal” that accompanies meals or menus that fall below a certain greenhouse gas threshold. Now that we’ve been doing this for about a year, we’re going to start evaluating [its impact] on food purchasing decisions, which are generally driven by taste, price and convenience. Next week, we’ll also be releasing research looking at different climate messages around food, to see what kinds of messages resonate with consumers.

Richard Waite’s responses have been edited and condensed for clarity and conciseness.


on the horizon

As we venture further into this crucial decade for making a meaningful dent in global carbon emissions, here’s who trends are likely to dominate the coming year in terms of energy transition, food sustainability and ESG strategies.

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Indian cities underwater until the first rain in Greenland, 2021 was the year of climate change alarms https://jacahuesca.com/indian-cities-underwater-until-the-first-rain-in-greenland-2021-was-the-year-of-climate-change-alarms/ Tue, 14 Dec 2021 04:22:37 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/indian-cities-underwater-until-the-first-rain-in-greenland-2021-was-the-year-of-climate-change-alarms/

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Since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, a popular sentiment circulating on social media is that the coronavirus has been unleashed on us by Mother Nature due to the irreversible damage that humans cause to it. Although there are no studies that can directly link the two events, it is true that deforestation and global warming can create conditions conducive to the transmission of viruses hitherto unknown to humans. Even if that sentiment did not exist, 2021 has been littered with many sharp climate change alarms that are forcing countries to look up and take note. Earlier this year, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said we will see the Earth’s average temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels around 2030, a decade earlier. than expected just three years ago.

The report, prepared by 234 scientists from 66 countries, points out that human influence has warmed the climate at an unprecedented rate for at least 2,000 years. In response, countries made a series of decisions as part of the collective effort to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26). in November. Throughout the year, studies have shown that the tangible effects of the climate crisis are much closer to our backyards than previously thought.

Here are seven of the ways, big and small, that climate change is being felt around the world:

The wings change color: Male dragonflies have been found to change the color of their wings to accommodate rising temperatures. In a study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a group of scientists found that male dragonflies exhibited changes in the pigmentation of their wings as a mechanism for adapting to rising temperatures. Having dark pigmentation on the wings can increase the body temperature of dragonflies by up to 2 degrees Celsius. While pigmentation was originally used to help dragonflies find mates, global warming could also cause them to overheat in already warm regions. The researchers found that male dragonflies almost always responded to warmer temperatures by developing less pigmentation on the wings.

Indian cities underwater: Thanks to climate change, a few Indian cities could be underwater in less than nine years. A new study from Climate Central, a nonprofit research group, shows that around 50 major coastal cities will need to immediately take “unprecedented” adaptation measures to prevent rising seas from swallowing them up. On its new coastal hazard scouting tool, where projections show who may be below sea level up to 2150, even the closest representation to 2030 paints a dangerous picture for some Indian cities – especially in the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Kerala and West Bengal.

Warmest winter: Meanwhile, New Zealand recorded its warmest winter this year. During the three months through August, the average temperature was 9.8 degrees Celsius (50 degrees Fahrenheit), according to the New Zealand National Water and Atmosphere Research Institute. That’s 1.3C above the long-term average and 0.2C above the previous record posted last year. Scientists said the changes also put pressure on natural ecosystems and over time more species would be threatened with extinction.

First precipitation in Greenland: Greenland, located near the North Pole, received precipitation not in the form of snow but in the form of rain – for the first time in recorded history. This shows that rising temperatures have drastically changed weather conditions in the otherwise cold region.

A hostile land by 2500: Research has shown that Earth could become a completely different planet by 2500. The study, published in Global Change Biology, paints a haunting picture of Earth becoming hostile to its own inhabitants. Their findings revealed that unless greenhouse gas emissions decrease significantly, global warming of 2,500 will render the Amazon rainforests barren, the US Midwest a tropical area, and the Indian subcontinent too hot for be habitable by humans.

Double heat in just 14 years: Scientists from NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the United States have found that the rate at which the Earth’s atmosphere traps heat has doubled in a recent 14-year period, from 2005 to 2019. If this energy imbalance worsens further in the coming decades, it could lead to more alarming climate changes.

Last attempt to save the glacier: A cloth sheet was used to protect part of the Helags Glacier in northern Sweden over the summer, saved at least 3.5 meters in height from melting, according to organizers of the private initiative , the first of its kind in Scandinavia. Global warming is causing glaciers to shrink all over the world.

We should have listened to it 100 years ago. Is it still possible to slow this behemoth to extinction?

Read all the latest news, breaking news and news on the coronavirus here.

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Sea turtle found off coast of Washington, cold and clinging to life, recovers at Seattle Aquarium https://jacahuesca.com/sea-turtle-found-off-coast-of-washington-cold-and-clinging-to-life-recovers-at-seattle-aquarium/ Mon, 29 Nov 2021 14:00:00 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/sea-turtle-found-off-coast-of-washington-cold-and-clinging-to-life-recovers-at-seattle-aquarium/

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The turtle had been floating helpless for so long that its head and shell were covered with algae. His body temperature had reached a crater and he was so weak he could barely move.

Deviated from its path by severe storms, a sea turtle usually at home in the warm seas off the coast of Mexico was found stranded on November 16 by a member of the Makah tribe on Shi Shi beach, a remote area. and wilderness from the tribal reserve on the Washington coast. .

His quick thinking with a phone call to tribal and federal officials sparked a rescue effort starting with a 2½ mile hike to get the 40-pound turtle off the beach. When we returned to the tribe’s village at Neah Bay, County Clallam, the problem was far from over: all roads leading to the reserve had been swept away by the same storms that hit the turtle.

A private charter plane was rushed to pick up the turtle and take it to Port Angeles, where he encountered an animal ambulance from the Seattle-based marine wildlife research nonprofit SR3 to travel to the Seattle Aquarium.

The turtle arrived at the aquarium on November 17, where a team of five initiated 24-hour intensive care, starting with a comprehensive health assessment.

The turtle weighed about half of what a teenage turtle its size should. Her body temperature was only 48 degrees when it should have been around 75 degrees.

Blood tests and an ultrasound of the turtle’s heart, kidneys, lungs, digestive tract and fins revealed one animal that had swollen muscles and a heart rate of one beat per minute instead of the usual 14. The last meal he ate, probably close to a month earlier, was still in his digestive tract because his bodily systems had shut down in the cold water.

With the help of aquarium staff and SR3, the rescue team began to increase the turtle’s temperature by no more than one degree every four hours. Lift it up too quickly and the much-needed heat the turtle could kill. The team also had to work to get the turtle to breathe.

It was a week before they dared to give the turtle a name: Shi Shi (pronounced Shy-Shy).

On November 19, aquarium staff gently loaded the turtle onto a float to try and swim in a saltwater tank. It was one of the first times that the turtle had left the enclosure installed in a locker room cold enough to avoid thermal shock.

Caitlin Hadfield, chief aquarium veterinarian, slowly removed the float and carefully let Shi Shi drift, supporting the turtle’s head. The turtle blinked, took a few breaths, barely moved a fin, as Hadfield took water with his hand from the tank and stroked it on the turtle’s heart-shaped green shell.

“She went from mostly dead to a little less most of the time,” Hadfield said. After a few brief laps around the pool, it was time for the turtle to return to the enclosure and continue to warm up, very slowly.

“It’s a real privilege to work with sea turtles, we don’t see them that often,” Hadfield said. “They are beautiful animals and very, very tough. If you can imagine a mammal trying to cross something like that, it would never survive. “

Hadfield had hoped on her morning tours that the turtle would be more active – but she was even happy to see her alive.

Shi Shi was so fragile that the turtle had to be watched 24 hours a day. “She’s so weak,” said Shawn Larson, sitting next to the turtle for the night shift on November 20. As curator of conservation research at the aquarium and head of the rehabilitation program, Larson is a veteran of long nights alone with fragile animals. count on it.

At this point, the turtle’s temperature was still only around 63 degrees, and Larson was watching the turtle closely to make sure Shi Shi was still breathing.

“I already have a connection to her,” Larson said. Although they still don’t know for sure the sex of the turtle, everyone who works with the turtle calls it Shi Shi a her.

“She really trusts us to do the right thing,” Larson said. “She was lucky. Because from the first minute everyone did it.

Getting stranded on a secluded beach on a reserve still closed to the public due to the COVID-19 pandemic made it all the more remarkable that the turtle was rescued, Larson said. “I think we’re really giving her the best shot possible, and everyone is shooting for her.”

The night shift is going quickly, Larson said, checking the turtle every 10 minutes and writing down notes. And the turtle was nice to be with. “They have a calm and wise presence about them,” Larson said. “We don’t know the stories she might tell, what she’s been through. We just hope we can save his life.

On Friday, Shi Shi’s condition continued to improve. While Shi Shi was still fragile, Hadfield was surprised and delighted to see the turtle swim longer, even dive to the bottom of the tank, rest for a bit, and then resurface. The healthcare team decided that Shi Shi was strong enough to stay in the pool full time.

Green sea turtles are generally found in temperate and subtropical waters of the Pacific; this turtle probably belonged to the population that nests on the beaches of Michoacán, Mexico, Hadfield said. Because they can’t regulate their own body temperature, when turtles are blown away in the cold waters of Washington, they quickly get into trouble.

Sea turtles are threatened with extinction in their home waters due to a combination of threats including climate change, being caught in fishing gear, being hit by boats, turtle and egg harvesting, loss and degradation of nesting and foraging habitat, ocean pollution and marine debris.

It took a large team of people, including the Makah Tribe, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the US Fish and Wildlife Service, SR3, and the Aquarium to get Shi Shi this far – over a dozen people in all.

The next step is for the turtle to eat on its own. If Shi Shi continues to do well, the turtle will then be transferred to a saltwater tank at SR3’s facilities in Des Moines, said Carey McLean, the association’s executive director and veterinary nurse. The next stop will be Sea World in San Diego, and finally, when the turtle is well enough and the sea temperatures have warmed up, release it back into the wild.

“These turtles are threatened and endangered around the world,” Larson said. “It is important that this animal returns to the population. “

With winter not even officially starting yet, there could be more strandings.

Anyone who encounters a sea turtle or ailing marine mammal on the beach should keep children and pets away. Do not touch the animal, remain silent so as not to stress the animal and call the West Coast Marine Mammal Stranding Network at 866-767-6144.


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HHS steps up pressure on climate change with new office | Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP https://jacahuesca.com/hhs-steps-up-pressure-on-climate-change-with-new-office-akin-gump-strauss-hauer-feld-llp/ Wed, 17 Nov 2021 23:51:51 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/hhs-steps-up-pressure-on-climate-change-with-new-office-akin-gump-strauss-hauer-feld-llp/

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[co-author: Sam Throm]

The Office of Climate Change and Health Equity

The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) recently established the Office of Climate Change and Health Equity (OCCHE), reinforcing the Biden-Harris administration’s strong commitment to mitigate the legacy damage of climate change and build resilience for the future. Created in response to President Biden’s decree in January, the office officially opened on August 1.

John Balbus has been appointed interim director and Garey Rice will be director of climate action. Despite opening with little fanfare and a planned budget of only around $ 3 million (enough for about eight employees), the office has far-reaching ambitions.

Echoing the efforts of the Treasury, Interior and Transport ministries, the OCCHE enables the HHS to tackle climate change from its corner of influence. OCCHE will leverage the existing regulatory authority to address the impacts of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and reduce waste from healthcare providers and suppliers, including system pressure from natural disasters and the impact of pollutants on public health.

The recent United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow (COP26) highlighted the relationship between health damage and climate change and prioritized the development of global mitigation efforts to address such damage . The creation of OCCHE supports the United States’ commitment at COP26 to develop climate-resilient and low-carbon health systems.

To achieve its objectives, the OCCHE uses a very broad definition of environmental justice, a definition more generally used in academic environments. According to the OCCHE, “environmental justice” is defined as “the equitable treatment and meaningful participation of all people, regardless of race, color, national origin or income, in the development, implementation implementation and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations and policies. “

This broad definition will allow the office to oversee a wide range of interconnected issues. For example, the office recognizes that some communities, such as those with low income or people with disabilities, are more vulnerable to climate-induced risks. As such, OCCHE plans to coordinate directly with affected communities, non-governmental organizations and different levels of government to address these disparities.

The intersection between climate change and health

The creation of OCCHE highlights the critical intersection between climate change and health equity. As climate change-related disasters increase in frequency and severity, the implementation of climate action and environmental, social and governance (ESG) initiatives will increase. Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic has accentuated the relationship between climate change and health outcomes, as shown below.

The recent devastating hurricanes and wildfires in the southern Gulf and western United States, respectively, have resulted in the kind of health impacts that CCOHE seeks to address.

Hurricanes and Forest Fires: Case Studies of the Health Effects of Climate Change-Related Natural Disasters

Climate events such as hurricanes and forest fires have both direct and indirect effects on individual and community health. A natural disaster directly changes the physical environmental conditions, leading to increased water contamination or air pollution, for example. Critical infrastructure, such as transport systems or reliable housing and health care, can also be damaged or inaccessible. Direct health impacts include weather-related deaths (such as drowning) or water-borne illnesses, while indirect physical and mental health impacts may be associated with long-term exposure to environmental contaminants. term.

Hurricanes

The National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Global Climate Report for August 2021 indicated that the month was the sixth hottest August in 142 years. The report notes that “[g]Globally, nine of the ten hottest August months have all been since 2009. ”By assessing the relationship between global warming and hurricanes, NOAA predicts that man-made global warming will have an impact on sea level rise and will increase hurricane precipitation rates, hurricane intensity and the global proportion of hurricanes reaching Category 4 or 5 levels.

The southern Gulf has recently experienced many weather events that match these predicted increases. In August 2021, Hurricane Ida made landfall as a Category 4 hurricane with winds measuring up to 150 mph. Following the destruction of Ida, the HHS quickly declared public health emergencies for Louisiana and Mississippi and issued exemptions under Social Security law to support vulnerable populations affected by the storm . A year earlier, Hurricane Laura, also classified as a Category 4 storm, had killed 47 direct and 34 indirect deaths, with “major to catastrophic” wind and storm surge damage in southwestern. Louisiana. The governor of Louisiana reported that 10,000 homes were demolished due to storms.

Forest fires

In addition to hurricanes, climate-related changes such as higher air temperatures, lower rainfall rates, and drought contribute to ideal conditions for forest fires. By the end of July, nearly 40,000 fires had burned in the United States during the first seven months of 2021. Forest fires have a negative impact on air quality, with smoke having effects on human health such as “Reduced lung function, bronchitis, exacerbation of asthma and heart failure, and premature death.”

Navigating Climate Change During COVID-19

There are also unique public health issues that arise when dealing with the increase in climate change-related events during a pandemic. Government officials responsible for emergency response planning and those directly affected by such emergencies face many considerations relating to disease transmission.

For example, Hurricanes Ida and Laura led to mandatory evacuation orders in some areas in addition to voluntary evacuations. Evacuation involves finding shelter outside of the anticipated major storm impacts. As a result, staying in a safe “bubble” against COVID-19 may not be practical or even possible for some people. When economically available, evacuees can leave their homes to seek refuge with friends, family or in public shelters, potentially increasing the likelihood of coronavirus exposure and rates of transmission. Individuals can be exposed to COVID-19 while traveling to their evacuation destination, or contract it while sheltering with others. As a result, cities hosting evacuees may experience unanticipated increased pressure on hospital and healthcare systems.

OCCHE and the health industry

In addition to climatic hazards and the health disparities associated with them, OCCHE emphasizes accelerating the energy and climate transformation of the health sector as one of its main priorities. The office’s initiatives advance President Biden’s commitment to cut U.S. GHG emissions by at least half by 2030 due to the potential for reducing the high GHG emissions rates of the industry. American health. The healthcare industry can anticipate the regulatory impacts associated with government efforts to achieve this goal. Hospitals, which represent a third of total GHG emissions in the health sector, are a real emission reduction target.

OCCHE will also play an important role in developing language on climate resilience and sustainability to be included in HHS grants. In addition to calling for the creation of the OCCHE in January, President Biden ordered major U.S. agencies to develop adaptation and resilience plans to respond to significant climate risks and vulnerabilities. The HHS Climate Action Plan directs OCCHE and the Deputy Secretary of Administration to develop climate resilient subsidy policies. As the largest grantmaking agency in the United States, HHS grant policies have a huge impact on players in the healthcare industry. There are many types of HHS grants, and the Climate Action Plan notes that “[m]Most HHS grants are provided directly to states, territories, tribes, and educational and community organizations, and then awarded to individuals and organizations eligible to receive funding. We anticipate that applicants for HHS grants may begin to prioritize applications that incorporate sustainability and climate adaptation actions into their operations to meet potential requirements of future grant guidelines.

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Concentrated solar power market will reach $ 119.52 billion by 2028; Growing Awareness of Excessive Carbon Emissions to Drive Business Opportunities, According to Fortune Business Insights ™ https://jacahuesca.com/concentrated-solar-power-market-will-reach-119-52-billion-by-2028-growing-awareness-of-excessive-carbon-emissions-to-drive-business-opportunities-according-to-fortune-business-insights/ Wed, 17 Nov 2021 08:49:00 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/concentrated-solar-power-market-will-reach-119-52-billion-by-2028-growing-awareness-of-excessive-carbon-emissions-to-drive-business-opportunities-according-to-fortune-business-insights/

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Companies featured in the Concentrated Solar Power Market Research Report are BrightSource Energy, Abengoa Solar, Siemens, Acciona, Solar Reserve, Torresol Energy, Trivelli Energia, Abors Green GmbH, Parvolen CSP Technologies, Sener, Rioglass

Pune, India, November 17, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) – The world concentrated solar energy market The size is expected to reach USD 119.52 billion by 2028, with a CAGR of 16.2% during the forecast period. The presence of several large-scale companies in this sector will have a huge impact on the growth of the market in the years to come. The growing awareness regarding the use of natural energy sources compared to traditional energy sources will promote the growth of the market. According to a report published by Fortune Business Insights, titled “Concentrated Solar Power Market, 2021-2028,” the market was worth $ 37.25 billion in 2020.

COVID-19 pandemic could halt production and market quickly recover

The recent coronavirus outbreak has created a sense of panic in several industries around the world. With the rapid spread of the disease, governments around the world have been forced to implement strict measures to curb the spread of the disease. While these measures were basically implemented for a better cause, certain factors have had a dramatic impact on the global economy.

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Lists of key companies in the market:

• BrightSource Energy (United States)

• Abengoa Solar (Spain)

• Siemens (Germany)

• Acciona (Spain)

• Solar reserve (United States)

• Torresol Energy (Spain)

• Trivelli Energia (Italy)

• Abors Green GmbH (Germany)

• Parvolen CSP Technologies (Greece)

• Sener (Spain)

• Rioglass (Belgium)

Market segments:

On the basis of technology, the market is categorized into Parabolic Trough, Electric Tower, and Linear Fresnel. Based on the application, the market is divided into residential, non-residential and utility. The parabolic trough is expected to hold the largest share during the forecast period as it requires less capital investment than its counterparts.

Geographically, the market is segmented into five key regions including North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and Latin America.

Highlights of the report?

The report offers a 360-degree overview of the market and emphasizes the significant factors promoting, pushing back, stimulating and creating opportunities for the market over the forecast span. The report also lists the names of the major players operating in the market and the strategies adopted by them to carve out the lion’s share in the market. It also offers interesting market information, current market trends and major industrial developments in the market. The report also examines the segmentation table in detail and lists the names of the primary segment with its assigned factors. It is available for sale on the company’s website.

Quick purchase Concentrated solar energy Marlet Research report: https://www.fortunebusinessinsights.com/checkout-page/100751

Driving factor:

Strong adoption of solar energy to boost business

Concentrated solar energy allows the concentration of solar energy using mirrors placed in a particular way. This concept’s ability to maximize solar energy use and avoid waste, along with improved efficiency, will fuel demand for the product around the world. The growing awareness regarding the detrimental effects of excessive carbon emissions has created a subsequent demand to maximize the use of solar energy. Growing environmental pollution and efforts to reduce emissions of harmful gases will lead to wider adoption of concentrated solar power in several countries around the world.

Regional perspectives:

Increase in the number of solar energy projects to promote growth in Europe

The report analyzes current market trends in five major regions including North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa. Among all regions, the concentrated solar power market share in Europe is expected to become dominant in the coming years. The presence of several large-scale companies in several countries of this region will emerge in favor of the growth of the market.

Competitive landscape:

Mergers and collaborations to give impetus

The report encompasses several factors which have contributed to the growth of the overall market in recent years. Among all the factors, the increasing number of corporate collaborations taken to implement CSP across the globe has had the greatest impact on market growth in recent years. As a result of efforts to reduce carbon emissions across the world, companies are engaging in collaborations, which gives them a platform to combine their resources. In March 2019, Rioglass Solar announced that it had signed a contract with Abengoa Energia and Shanghai Electric. The contract covers the supply of parabolic receiver tubes and mirrors.

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Industry development:

March 2020: Shouhang Hightech Energy Technology Co., Ltd. (Shouhang), entered into a cooperation agreement with the government of Gansu Province for the Jinta 100MW Molten Salt Tower Concentration Solar Power Project. The project is expected at the end of 2021

Detailed Table of Contents

  • introduction

  • Abstract

  • Market dynamics

    • Market factors

    • Market constraints

    • Market opportunities

  • Key ideas

    • Main emerging trends – for the main countries

    • Latest technological advances

    • Regulatory landscape

    • Porters Five Forces Analysis

  • Qualitative analysis – Impact of COVID-19

    • Impact of COVID-19 on the Concentrated Solar Energy (CSP) Market

    • Measures taken by the government to overcome the impact

    • Main developments of industry players in response to COVID-19

    • Opportunities and potential challenges due to the COVID-19 epidemic

  • Global Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) (MW) Market Analysis (USD Billion), Outlook and Forecast, 2017-2028

    • Main conclusions / summary

    • Market Analysis, Information & Forecast – By Technology

      • Parabolic trough

      • Power tower

      • Linear fresnel

    • Market Analysis, Information & Forecast – By Application

      • Residential

      • Non-residential

      • Utility

    • Market analysis, information and forecasts – by region

      • North America

      • Europe

      • Asia Pacific

      • Latin America

      • Middle East and Africa

Table of contents (continued)….

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Take a look at the related research analyzes:

Solar trackers market COVID-19 Size, Sharing and Impact Analysis, By Type (Photovoltaic (PV), Concentrated Solar Power (CSP)), By Motion (Single Axis, Dual Axis), By Application (Utility, Non- public service) and regional forecasts, 2021-2028

Solar panels market Size, Share and Industry Analysis, By Type (Monocrystalline, Polycrystalline, Thin Film), By Application (Concentrated Solar Photovoltaic Power), By End User (Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Utilities, Space and Defense , others) and regional forecasts, 2021-2028

Solar energy market Analysis of the size, share and impact of COVID-19, by technology (photovoltaic solar {Mono-Si, thin film, Multi-Si and others}, and concentrated solar energy {Parabolic trough, power tower and Linear Fresnel}), by Application (Residential, Non-Residential and Utilities) and Regional Forecast, 2021-2028

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Look: Lebanese ‘mad love’ tourist campaign tempts travelers with offers https://jacahuesca.com/look-lebanese-mad-love-tourist-campaign-tempts-travelers-with-offers/ Tue, 16 Nov 2021 13:13:53 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/look-lebanese-mad-love-tourist-campaign-tempts-travelers-with-offers/

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Lebanon’s tourism industry has been in decline since 2011, when war in neighboring Syria broke out, blocking the way for around a quarter of a million visitors, File Photo by Wael Hamzeh / EPA-EFE

BEIRUT, Lebanon, November 16 (UPI) – The Lebanese tourism industry understands that the country, mired in an economic crisis, may not be the most obvious destination at the moment. But a new campaign seeks to tout the huge discounts on offer and “crazy love” for the place.

It’s a move to attract visitors and avoid the collapse of the tourism sector in the middle of the two-year spiral. The strong devaluation of the national currency means that there are great deals to be had on travel.

The campaign “Crazy Love”, or “Even in your madness, I love you” translated from Arabic, was launched this month.

The Lebanese tourism industry has always been a major source of income, reaching $ 9.3 billion in 2010 before the uprisings known as the “Arab Spring”, wars and instability engulfed a number of countries in the world. the region.

Tourism began to decline in 2011 when war broke out in neighboring Syria, blocking the route to around a quarter of a million visitors, mostly from Jordan and the Gulf countries, who came by road each year. With Lebanon in a state of war with its other neighboring country, Israel, Syria was the only road connecting it to the rest of the world.

The tourism industry was hit hard when anti-government protests turned into a popular uprising in October 2019, followed by repeated COVID-19 lockdowns that crippled the country.

Then it got worse.

The August 4, 2020 explosion in the Port of Beirut killed more than 200 people and destroyed entire neighborhoods, including a burgeoning tourist attraction in Mar Mikhail. A severe fuel crisis peaked this summer, plunging the country into darkness and leading to long lines at gas stations.

Moreover, the escalation of the political conflict with Saudi Arabia and some other Gulf countries reached an alarming level at the beginning of the month, when they decided to expel the ambassadors from Lebanon and ban its imports, ordering to their citizens to stay away from Lebanon. Gulf tourists had almost stopped visiting Lebanon for years anyway due to the growing influence of Iranian-backed Hezbollah in the country.

‘What can we do?’

But Lebanon’s dramatic deterioration hasn’t stopped Tourism Minister Walid Nassar from trying to rejuvenate the tourism industry.

“Those who love Lebanon will come anyway … We are counting on that,” Nassar told the UPI in a telephone interview. “What can we do? It’s either we’re not doing anything or we’re trying to do something.”

Visitors to Beirut from Iraq, Jordan, Egypt, Spain, Italy, Greece and Armenia can benefit from a free package until the end of December which includes a ticket of flight, three-night hotel stay, and airport-hotel transportation costs at a total starting price of $ 269 from Egypt and $ 340 from Europe.

These countries were chosen in accordance with an agreement with the Lebanese airline, Middle East Airlines, which offered nearly 80% off its tickets. Hotels and B & Bs also offered very low prices.

“If the 280 flights from the 11 airports in these countries are full, we could reach 40,000 visitors” by the end of December, said Nassar. “We have done everything: to offer all kinds of equipment and low prices … but it is not in our hands.”

Lebanon, he said, needs stability. Its political leaders must agree on reforms and its government must work to restore international confidence in the country and reactivate ties with Arab countries.

The number of visitors to Lebanon increased from 1.9 million in 2019 to 414,000 in 2020, according to figures released by the Ministry of Tourism. The number of visitors from Arab countries increased from 574,352 to 112,248 and those from European countries from 720,000,421 to 177,967 during the same period. Only 6,815 came from Saudi Arabia in 2020, up from 64,270 the previous year.

Nassar said the number of visitors increased from 170% to 180% in 2020-2021.

Pierre Achkar, head of the Lebanese Hotel Association, said tourism revenues fell from $ 9.3 billion in 2010 to $ 3-4 billion in 2018.

“We are negotiating [with the International Monetary Fund] to give us $ 2 billion while we are able to get that amount from tourism, ”Achkar told UPI.

Thousands of jobs lost

The October 2019 uprising, mismanagement of the economic and financial crisis, the COVID-19 pandemic and the explosion at the Port of Beirut which severely damaged 163 hotels and more than 2,000 restaurants contributed to the near collapse of the tourism sector.

Since then, 99% of the country’s 540 hotels have been partially closed, Achkar said. “Those with 100 rooms kept 20 to 30 rooms open. They also had to reduce their staff and the cost of diesel fuel to run their generators… just to keep their businesses going. “

Thousands of hotel and restaurant workers have lost their jobs as a result, industry representatives said.

The biggest blow has been the loss over the years of once-loyal Lebanese tourists from the oil-rich Gulf countries.

Achkar said the conflict with the Gulf countries began with Hezbollah’s intervention in the war in Syria in 2012-13 and escalated with the Iran-backed group’s smear campaigns against the Saudi leadership and its support for the Houthi rebels in the war in Yemen.

“The crisis with the Gulf [countries] destroyed us and slaughtered our tourism, ”he said, adding that Gulf investors have been behind Lebanon’s biggest hotel investments in recent years, including Kempinski Summerland, Four Seasons and Hilton Beirut Habtoor Hotels.

While waiting for Lebanon to be reconciled with the Gulf countries, the new campaign of the Ministry of Tourism appears to be the only hope of reviving tourism and attracting Lebanese from the diaspora, as well as Arab and European tourists carrying hard currency. . One US dollar is trading at nearly 23,000 Lebanese pounds on the parallel market, compared to 1,500 LL for $ 1 in October 2019.

Rich culture

Although Lebanon is no longer the “Pearl of the Middle East” as it was widely regarded before the 1975-90 civil war, it remains an attractive place due to its rich culture, Roman ruins and architecture. Ottoman, its religious sites, its gastronomy, its beautiful mountains and landscapes, modern attractions and Lebanese way of life.

“Even if we lose, we have to keep this business going,” Maud Nakhal, director of the main travel agency Nakhal, established in 1959, told UPI. “We are here to stay and we will fight to stay and never close. “

The agency was hit hard by the pandemic, “even more than the economic crisis”, but continued to organize daily tours inside Lebanon and to welcome “loyal” clients, mainly Lebanese living in Lebanon. outside the country.

“Lebanon has become a cheap destination for foreign tourists. We hope this campaign will attract enough of them, because it is a good opportunity to visit the country with such prices and discounts,” Nakhal said.

A stay at the Bkerzay guest house, an eco-friendly village in the Chouf mountains, offers a healthy restaurant, pottery lessons and hikes.

Located about 25 kilometers from Beirut, Bkerzay is today a favorite destination for many foreigners working in embassies and non-governmental organizations.

Forced to close from March to April due to coronavirus lockdowns and hit by the economic crisis and fuel shortages, Bkerzay reopened but “in a timid manner to continue operating … and maintain our staff of 65”, said declared the chief of operations of the village. , Zeina Salman.

“We have to support them and our project. It is our daily struggle,” Salman told UPI. “This project is something we have done to stay forever. We will continue, no matter what.”

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What is the sixth mass extinction, what scientists say https://jacahuesca.com/what-is-the-sixth-mass-extinction-what-scientists-say/ Tue, 16 Nov 2021 07:03:14 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/what-is-the-sixth-mass-extinction-what-scientists-say/

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Recent research published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), indicates that the current sixth mass extinction could be one of the most serious environmental dangers to the survival of the civilization.

ZBush on DeviantArt

According to the study, this extinction is caused by humans and is more imminent than climate change. “Even though roughly 2% of all species that ever lived are alive today, the total number of species is now greater than it ever was.” We humans have evolved into such a biologically rich planet, and it is this world that we are destroying, the study added.

What is the mass extinction of species?

Extinction is a natural part of existence, and creatures and plants go extinct on a regular basis. About 98 percent of all species that ever lived on our planet are extinct. Earlier in geological time, massive extinctions occurred.

Mass extinction event
Reuters

Many species can be wiped out by anything from a meteor collision to climate change or a volcanic eruption. Essentially, mass extinction occurs when the degree of extinction increases significantly, or when the Earth loses more than three-quarters of its species in a geologically short period of time. This is generally characterized as the extinction of about 75% of the world’s species in a short period of geological time – less than 2.8 million years.

When a species becomes extinct, its ecological niche is frequently fueled by new or existing species. The “normal” rate of extinction on Earth is estimated between 0.1 and 1 species per 10,000 species per 100 years. This is called the background extinction rate.

These extinctions were triggered by “catastrophic changes” to the environment, such as massive volcanic eruptions, depletion of ocean oxygen, or an asteroid impact. These incidents are a testament to the tenacity and resilience of life. Life seems to take many forms, diversify and change, but it always comes back. The extinction of a single species or family creates evolutionary niches which lead to the diversification of another.

What is the sixth mass extinction?

The so-called “mass extinction event” – only the sixth in the past half a billion years – is already underway. And it’s called the extinction of the Anthropocene.

Scientists believe that there are eight million different species on Earth today, most of which are insects. Already, a quarter of all animal and plant species are overpopulated, eaten or poisoned to extinction.

About 30% of all wild trees are currently threatened with extinction, revealing report says
Unsplash

The decline in raw numbers is even more extreme, with wild mammal biomass (their total weight) declining by 82 percent. Humans and livestock make up over 95% of mammalian biomass.

This global extinction has been described as the “most catastrophic environmental disaster” because the loss of species will be irreversible. The study analyzed 29,400 species of terrestrial vertebrates to see which are on the verge of extinction because they have fewer than 1,000 individuals.

They found that more than 515 of the species studied are very close to extinction and that the current loss of species, which is based on the absence of their component populations, has continued since the 1800s.

South America accounts for the majority of the 515 species (30 percent), followed closely by Oceania (21 percent), Asia (21 percent) and Africa (16 percent).

In addition, the study points out that more than 400 species of vertebrates have become extinct over the past century, extinctions that would have taken 10,000 years in the normal course of evolution. In a study of 177 large mammal species, the majority have lost more than 80% of their geographic range in the past 100 years, and 32% of the more than 27,000 vertebrate species have declining populations.

More than 30% of shark species are now threatened with extinction, IUCN update
Unsplash

What is more alarming is that extinctions today are hundreds of times faster than they would have occurred spontaneously in the past. If all critically endangered, endangered or vulnerable species become extinct within the next century, and if the rate of extinction does not decline, humanity could be on the verge of mass extinction in 240 to 540 years. barely.

Significantly, the report calls for a complete ban on wildlife trade, legal and illegal wildlife trade is wiping out many species that are currently threatened or on the brink of extinction. The researchers also point out that the current COVID-19 pandemic, while not fully understood, is also linked to the wildlife trade.

Climate change is a long-term danger. By injecting billions of tons of carbon dioxide and other chemicals into the Earth’s atmosphere annually, humans have been able to chemically replicate vast igneous provinces.

These historic volcanoes produced much more CO2 than humans today in terms of total volume; Siberian traps released more than 1,400 times the CO2 humans released in 2018 by burning fossil fuels for energy. Humans, however, generate greenhouse gases at the same rate as the Siberian traps, if not faster, and Earth’s climate is changing rapidly as a result.

weather
Omcom news

As the mass extinctions have demonstrated, abrupt climate change can be extremely disruptive. And just because we haven’t reached the 75% threshold of catastrophic extinction doesn’t mean that all is well.

The devastation would wreak havoc on the ecosystems we inhabit long before this worrying threshold is reached, endangering species around the world, including humans.

How many mass extinctions have there been?

So far, the face of life on Earth has been changed by five major mass extinctions. Some of them have a known cause, but others remain a mystery. Geologists have identified and examined these major occurrences. These extinctions over the past 450 million years have resulted in the extinction of 70 to 95 percent of all plant, animal and microbial species that previously existed.

443 million years ago, the Ordovician-Silurian mass extinction wiped out nearly 85% of all species. Temperatures dropped and massive glaciers formed, causing sea level to drop drastically, scientists said. After that, there was a period of rapid warming. Many small marine animals perished.

Climate change
Unsplash / Representative Image

The Devonian mass extinction occurred 374 million years ago, killing about three-quarters of the world’s species, the majority of which were marine invertebrates that lived on the bottom of the sea.

Numerous climate changes occurred during this period, including global warming and cooling, sea level rise and fall, and decreased levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. However, the reason for the extinction catastrophe is not yet known.

The Permian mass extinction, which occurred 250 million years ago, was the most massive and destructive of the five. It wiped out over 95 percent of all species, including most of the vertebrates that had started to evolve around this time. He was also known as the Grand Mourant.

Some scientists believe Earth was hit by a massive asteroid, which deposited dust particles in the atmosphere, blocking the Sun and causing acid rain. Others believe there was a major volcanic eruption that released carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, making the waters toxic.

weather
Shutterstock

The Triassic mass extinction occurred 200 million years ago, wiping out over 80% of Earth’s biodiversity, including many species of dinosaurs. This was likely caused by massive geological activity, which increased CO2 levels, global temperatures, and ocean acidification.

The Cretaceous extinction occurred 65 million years ago, resulting in the disappearance of 78% of all species, including all non-avian dinosaurs. This was likely caused by an asteroid hitting Earth in what is now Mexico, with continued flood volcanism in what is now India compounding the problem.

For more news and updates from around the world, please visit Indiatimes News.

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Antalya continues to lead Mediterranean tourism https://jacahuesca.com/antalya-continues-to-lead-mediterranean-tourism/ https://jacahuesca.com/antalya-continues-to-lead-mediterranean-tourism/#respond Mon, 08 Nov 2021 11:46:19 +0000 https://jacahuesca.com/antalya-continues-to-lead-mediterranean-tourism/

The resort town of Antalya in southern Turkey continues to be the Mediterranean’s most popular tourist destination, welcoming the most tourists to the region.

Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, Antalya welcomed 8.6 million visitors in 10 months with its capacity of 680,000 beds. The province has attracted tourists from more than 60 countries, mainly from Russia, Ukraine, Germany, Poland, Kazakhstan, Romania, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom with relaxed travel restrictions.

Erkan Yağcı, President of the Association of Mediterranean Tourism Hoteliers (AKTOB), told Anadolu Agency (AA) that the Turkish tourism industry has demonstrated to the world the possibility of safe tourism even in pandemic conditions, through cooperation between the public and private sectors.

The Safe Tourism Certification Program launched last year in coordination with the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the Ministry of Health and relevant authorities has helped attract many tourists to the city and the country.

As a result, Turkey has taken a series of measures at airports, transport facilities, hotels and other tourist establishments. The program sets out a series of measures in various fields to regulate accommodation, transport, health of travelers and facilities for employees. Information on these measures was shared with foreign diplomats, tourist agencies and members of the press, who were able to review the measures on the spot.

Yağcı said they plan to reach the 9 million tourist mark this year, adding that the region has had a much better season than last year. He noted that the Safe Tourism Certification Program has played an important role in this success.

“At the end of September, Antalya received twice as many tourists as Spanish Mallorca, which we consider to be the strongest competitor. While the islands welcomed 3.5 million tourists, we saw 8.5 million visitors arrive. There is a significant effort from both the public and private sectors. It was a significant success to initiate the tourism movement during the pandemic and make it sustainable. I think we got there, ”he said.

Ülkay Atmaca, head of the Association of Professional Hotel Managers of Turkey (POYD), said the tourist flow to Antalya continues despite the season being over, adding that bookings for 2022 signal a better winter season.

“Antalya is on the way to becoming a world leader. It is one of the cities in the world that receives the most tourists. We started a bit late but we recovered very quickly, ”he said.

Antalya City Council Tourism Working Group Chairman Recep Yavuz said 2021 is seen as the year of recovery for tourism. He added that countries that have taken appropriate action against COVID-19 and successfully advertised have overcome this process.

He cited Spain as an example, saying that despite ranking first in the world with the most tourists in 2019, it has failed to recover quickly.

He added that another strong competitor, Greece, was unable to meet expected tourist arrivals due to inadequate health infrastructure. “According to the ranking of countries (in the Mediterranean), Turkey ranked first, Spain second and Greece third. We have overtaken our biggest rival, Spain, during the pandemic process. It was difficult to take on the leadership, but it is even more important to be sustainable, ”he said.

Turkey’s tourism revenues jumped 181.8% year-on-year in the third quarter of 2021, following a significant drop last year due to the coronavirus pandemic, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat) announced last month. .

The country earned $ 11.4 billion (TL 110.94 billion) in July-September, up from $ 4 billion in the same period last year, when the COVID-19 crisis resulted in restrictions travel and lockdown measures, stopping global tourism.

The figure was $ 14 billion over the same period in 2019, before the coronavirus started.

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